A. The development of nuclear technology (i.e. splitting of the atom) had a huge impact on the nation. Not only was it a colossal stride for science (with the discovery of the neutron), but it was also very impactful in how this new science was used. Most notably, it was used in the atomic bomb which was developed in the Manhattan Project, which later ended WWII when it was used in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. C. This technology is also used today. For example, this spawned the idea for radiation therapy which is a way to save lives and treat cancer patients, for energy, and also for space exploration. B. This important discovery has made an important point which is why I thought it was important to share. Science can be used for good (i.e. radiation therapy, etc.) but it can also be harmful and potentially abused (i.e. nuclear explosions). It is important that even if we have the ability to use science for harmful reasons, we are careful and not abuse the power of the human mind.
A. The Dust Bowl was when the Southern Plains of the US experienced severe dust storms during a drought in the 1930s. This impacted the nation because livestock and people were killed and crops failed. The Dust Bowl intensified the negative impacts of the Great Depression. B. Though the Dust Bowl was a shocking and treacherous event, it has a big impact on how I look at life. While learning about the Dust Bowl, I now understand that as human beings, no matter what we do, we cannot control nature, a force that is beyond our control. As a result, we must think ahead and prepare for the worst. C. Now, after the dust bowl, society has learned that lesson as well. New technological advances in farming have come about like relying not on the sky for rain, but relying on the water that is beneath the soil. These all arose because of the lessons learned from the Dust Bowl.
A. Jackie Robinson was the first African American athlete to play Major League Baseball. This impacted the nation because it was one of the first events to begin integration of black and white people. C. Historically speaking, like the Harlem Renaissance, this was one of the many “wakeup calls” the US received that clearly exemplify the talent of African Americans. Jackie Robinson also helped pave the way for the Civil Rights movement. His actions not only showed the world that baseball should be integrated, but that life should be integrated. This message has spread all the way to the twenty first century. Jackie Robinson would be proud to know that his message and courage to do what he loved no matter the color of his skin has become an integral part of current society. B. Now, I can play sports, go to school, go to camp and basically do whatever I would like to do with the people I love and care about, whether they are white or black. This was all made possible by heroes like Jackie Robinson.
A. Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered penicillin in 1928. This is an antibacterial substance that fights infectious bacteria by destroying the cell wall. This impacted the nation because before its discovery, when people would get even the most minute infections, they would spread and become deadly. As a result, thousands of limbs had to be amputated and thousands of American lives were either changed or lost forever. With penicillin, however, many American limbs and lives were saved. C. Though it was discovered many years ago, penicillin still plays a huge role in medicine and in history. In fact, penicillin saved countless lives during WWII (especially during D-Day). Even after WWII, in 2018, penicillin is still used to treat bacterial infections. B. Without penicillin, I would be in constant worry of receiving any tiny little infection, for it could become deadly. Thankfully, because of Alexander Fleming, I don’t really have to worry about it. Its accidental discovery has also showed me that sometimes the best discoveries come when you least expect it.
A. The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural explosion of African American poetry, music, and art that impacted the US and the world. Firstly, it brought a great amount of African Americans north to cities from farms. With them, they brought their artistic talent. The Harlem Renaissance was a culmination of this talent. Many of the works that resulted from it were not only popular for African Americans but also for white people. The Harlem Renaissance impacted the nation by bringing everyone together and recognizing the artistic talent of African Americans. B. This impacted me not just because I actually enjoy and appreciate many of the works by African Americans of this era, C. but also because it forged the way for the inclusion of African Americans in society, just like people like Jackie Robinson. It set the stage for the Civil Rights movement and by extension (B.) made it possible for me to be in the same classroom and befriend those of a different race than I.
A. Theodore Roosevelt became the president of the United States in 1901 after the assassination of McKinley. He was not only known for his young age, but he was also known for impacting the nation by breaking up industrial combinations (Sherman Antitrust Act), setting aside some 200 million acres for national forests, reserves and wildlife refuges, ending the Russo-Japanese war, and beginning the construction of the Panama Canal. He didn’t let his young age stop him from shaping the nation. B. He impacted me by showing me that age cannot stop me. I may be young, but I have the ability to make a huge impact on my community and on the world at large. Also, I have visited many of the national parks he has set aside and they would have likely been industrialized without Roosevelt. C. Without Theodore Roosevelt, the world today would look very different. For one, the US would be a lot less green because there would be far less national parks, and few laws to protect those that would exist. He also changed the way the US does foreign affairs which has continued until today. In addition, his work in contributing to the Panama Canal construction was very significant, as it is still used in current times.
A. This impacted the nation firstly because over 1,500 people died. In general, any amount of people dying shakes the nation, as it did, but especially considering the immense number of people that died, and how they died. At the time, the Titanic ship was considered “unsinkable” (which went along with the other revolutionary discoveries in travel in the 1910s like the discovery of the plane). As a result, the builders packed far too few lifeboats and didn’t put much thought into all the possible outcomes of sending it out to sea. The sinking of the “unsinkable” boat was a reality check for those in the US that were too consumed by their ego to acknowledge human error. B. This event, though it was long ago, has impacted me by showing me that everyone makes mistakes. Almost the whole nation considered the boat to be “unsinkable,” and were proved to be completely wrong. Now, looking back, I can recognize the importance of safety precautions and the fact that no human is perfect, and neither is any object. C. This event connects to present day because after it the creation of ships began evolving as did the safety of these boats. Now, ships are far safer than they used to be because the codes for creating them ensure everyone’s safety in nearly all “what-if” scenarios.
A. The Wright Brothers were American inventors that impacted the nation by achieving the first controlled airplane flight and later, the first fully practical airplane. For society, this was a huge leap in innovation, travel, and communication. B. This impacts me because I use planes all the time when I travel. If they had not created this invention, traveling would take me a lot longer, as I would likely have to travel by car or by train. In addition, international flights would not be able to happen, so I might even have to travel by boat if I were visiting my aunt when she lived in London. In addition, the mail process would be very different. Lots of time, mail and packages travel by plane so they can get to us quickly. If that middle step was gone, I would have to be a lot more patient! C. Without the plane, many other events in our history and in present day would not be the same. For example, many strategies in warfare need planes in order to work. Without planes, Pearl Harbor wouldn’t have happened, 9-11 wouldn’t have happened, and even now, the US couldn’t use planes to bomb our enemies. Warfare would look quite different. In addition, travel would be very different, as a I mentioned previously. Vacations would likely be a bit more “local” and we would probably see people traveling nationally than abroad. In addition, the mail system would be different for the entire nation. Everything and everyone would travel less efficiently. However, because of the Wright Brothers, we don’t have to worry about that.
A. In 1913, Henry Ford installed the first moving assembly line for the mass production of an entire automobile. This invention decreased the amount of time it took to build a car significantly, from twelve hours to two hours and thirty minutes. This new method increased the speed of production significantly and allowed for more cars to be able to be made and used by the public. It also later impacted the nation by increasing the efficiency and by extension, the production of war mobiles for both WWI and WWII, let alone regular cars on the streets. It also increased the usage of automobiles by civilians. B. This has impacted me because cars are a huge part of my life. I use them to get almost everywhere: to school, to friends’ houses, to the mall, etc. Cars would likely be a much smaller part of our current society if they could not be produced as quickly and efficiently. This would mean that the amount cars would be fewer, or more rare, which would significantly increase their price. Then, I don’t even know if my family would own a car. My life would be very different. C. This event connects to present day because the assembly line is still used in automobile manufacturing. Though it looks very different, as the workers across the line have been replaced by machines, that first assembly line has set the basis for the method of car manufacturing used today.
A. During a time of massive, widely believed gender stereotypes, Amelia Earhart was the first female pilot to accomplish the near-impossible feat of flying across the Atlantic Ocean (using the Wright Brothers’ invention of the plane). Because of gender roles, during her time, few jobs were open to women let alone jobs as pilots. Women were not believed to be capable of much other than being a housewife, or taking on clerical jobs. Amelia Earhart proved them wrong; she proved that women are capable of anything they dream about. Her feat gave the nation ideology that women can do whatever men can which paved the way for the women of the future, including me. B. Amelia Earhart’s message and story has taught me that I can accomplish anything even if I want to go into a mainly male dominated field of work. She opened up the doors so I can not only dream of whatever I want, but I can also accomplish whatever I work hard for. C. Despite Amelia Earhart having the struggle of overcoming sexism in the mid-1900s, over 50 years later, it remains an issue. With things like the wage-gap, as women we know that there are still strides we have to make to achieve true equality, but Amelia Earhart took one of those first steps and gave us the tools to pave our way and ensure that we have the same opportunities as men.