Chunking is the activity of breaking down difficult texts into sections and more manageable pieces. As somebody who has used this strategy in the past it is a very helpful strategy to figure out what the texts mean. Here are some tips on what you can do while you are chunking. You can underline, circle, highlight words you are unfamiliar with, look up those words, and also sometimes it is easier to understand a text by reading it aloud.
Retrieval practice is the practice of remembering something without looking at it. For example, you are baking or cooking something and you have a recipe. Your friend asks you how you made it without looking at the recipe. That's retrieval practice. When I was younger and was learning the ABC's I had to look at it to first start learning it. Then, I recited it to myself or to others without looking at it.
The Interleaving effect is a strategy of alternating between two things that you want to learn. For example, if you are playing the Piano, like in the picture. You can learn to play chords, then arpeggios or scales, then chords again. I have found this to work well to strengthen my muscle memory. and memory. If you need to study math, it has been found to be extremely effective in that subject. This strategy happens to be the least used one in the nation, so go try it!
Spaced practice is the practice of spacing out sessions of study. This produces longer lasting learning. Spaced practice takes extra planning so do it ahead of time. I have used this strategy the most and I can tell you it is my favorite strategy. In this strategy you can use other strategies such as Retrieval practice. Don't just re-read your notes!
Elaboration is the strategy of describing details and elaborating upon them. There is many other strategies that involve elaboration. One is called elaborative interrogation. It is the strategy of questioning why things work and then produce the answers to those questions. This strategy is useful if you are good at explaining things and describing things. You should make connections between different ideas and how they work together. All together, this is a very strong learning strategy.