The Dual Coding Theory of memory was initially proposed by Paivio (1971) in order to explain the powerful mnemonic effects of imagery that he and others had uncovered, but its implications for cognitive Theory go far behind these findings.Dual coding uses visual learning basically through your memory. When I tried using this technique I started to realize that we basically do this when we're kids. We match up images of animals to the name of them or the sound that they make.
Chunking involves taking small units of information (chunks) and grouping them into larger units. Here are some ways to use it to improve your memory. Chunking is probably my favorite strategy to use. I use this alot for when I want to remember a set of numbers or a grocery list just repeatedly saying it in my head. I can remember it so much faster and easier especially it being separated into specific categories.
The self-explanation effect has been studied since the 1980s, and has been examined in many disciplines, e.g. chemistry, biology, mathematics and nursing, among others. Self-explanations help the lear. I find self explanation a lot more effective in my opinion. Using this strategy helps you understand better what you already know in your own words. Using this was very helpful I tried it for when I was studying for World History and I pretty much have my the first section down.
Distributed Practice is an easy way for you to learn. I say this because it helps separate your learning ways from other types you may do. You can also call this the spacing effect. I did this in some of my classes last year and it helped me but didn't at the same time. I still managed to get a B in the class that I was doing this for.
When I used Rehearsal Strategy it helped me remember most of the words that I was trying to remember. I find that it helps me a lot more if I were to go back and forth with somebody trying to recall the words. I find this way is a little bit less effective than the other ones that I have tried.