The author, being Michael Bond, states that solitary confinement is in breach of the eighth amendment. Therefore, Bond utilizes studies that talk about the dangers of solitary confinement, to show the negative health effects that solitary confinement brings. As Bond supports his reasons, he concludes that solitary confinement causes severe health issues which is why he argues that this form of punishment should be banned. Altogether, more solitary confinement causes more damage to the victim which is why it comes across as a cruel and unusual punishment.
Since some of the people believe that the death penalty might requite the pain of the victim's family, Philip Martin, the author, argues that the death penalty does extensive damage to the society. Throughout the article, Martin reasons that capital punishment only causes problems, and he does so by explicitly explaining the ways of how capital punishment causes problems. As well, Martin then talks of what made him oppose the death penalty which is when Supreme Court justice, Harry Blackmun, abolished the state's right to take a felon's life. Altogether, Martin clearly states and explains the opposing arguments for capital punishment.
The image shown above indicates an approval of the Firing Squad, a method of capital punishment. Since there has been a shortage of drugs for lethal injection, Utah has taken action to restore the Firing Squad. As a result, the artist, Hilda Delgado, disagrees with the legislators approval of the death penalty, that it's quick and humane. Altogether, Delgado talks of the movement to abolish the death penalty, as he counters Utah's approval of the Firing Squad.
By Jeffrey M. Jones, the article states the reasons of why people support and oppose the death penalty. As Jones analyzes the point of views, one supporting reason is because the death penalty is a justifiable punishment. On the contrary, an opposing reason is because it is wrong to take someone's life. Overall, Jones effectively points out the various perspectives on the death penalty throughout recent years.
Micah Schwartzbach, the author, cites the purpose and effects of the eighth amendment, and then talks of the origin of the ban on certain types of punishments. So on, Schwartzbach argues that the court follows the evolving standards of decency as the society matures. Correspondingly, Schwartzbach utilizes court cases to show the evolving perspectives on the death penalty. Overall, Schwartzbach concludes that the death penalty should be limited to an extent, as he believes that the death penalty isn't inherently cruel.