Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (13 November 1850 – 3 December 1894), born in Edinburgh, was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, musician and travel writer. His most famous works are Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, and A Child's Garden of Verses. Stevenson was a literary celebrity during his lifetime, and now ranks as the 26th most translated author in the world.
Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), born in Alloway, Ayrshire, also known as Rabbie Burns, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. In his English writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest.
Walter Scott, (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was born in Edinburgh. He was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet and historian. Many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, Old Mortality, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.
James Matthew Barrie (9 May 1860 – 19 June 1937) Born in Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland., he was a Scottish novelist and playwright, best remembered today as the creator of Peter Pan. After moving to London he met the Llewelyn Davies boys, who inspired him to write about a baby boy who has magical adventures in Kensington Gardens then to write Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up.
Born in Edinburgh on February 1, 1918, Muriel Spark is one of the greater Scottish writers since Robert Louis Stevenson at the very least. Spark, who died in 2006, was an absolute original, a woman with a vision that scares the stars out of the sky but also a pitch-perfect master of English prose, one of those rare fiction writers who has the absolute precision of a poet of the first rank.
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was born in Edinburgh. Best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes. Originally a physician, in 1887 he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Watson. In addition, Doyle wrote over fifty short stories featuring the famous detective.
Alistair Stuart MacLean (21 April 1922 – 2 February 1987) was born in Shettleston, Glasgow. He was a Scottish novelist who wrote popular thrillers and adventure stories. His works include The Guns of Navarone, Ice Station Zebra and Where Eagles Dare – all three were made into popular films. He also wrote two novels under the pseudonym Ian Stuart.
Born in the Kingdom of Fife in 1960, Ian Rankin graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1982, and then spent three years writing novels when he was supposed to be working towards a PhD in Scottish Literature. He is best known for his Inspector Rebus novels. Ian Rankin is also the recipient of honorary degrees from several universities in the UK.
Irvine Welsh (born 27 September 1958 in Leith, Edinburgh) is a Scottish novelist, playwright and short story writer. He is recognised for his novel Trainspotting, which was later made into a film of the same name. His work is characterised by a raw Scots dialect and brutal depiction of Edinburgh life. He has also written plays and screenplays, and directed several short films.