In conclusion, the survival rate of a sea turtle is VERY slim already with everything we as humans, beings of this Earth have done to it already. Global warming plays a factor. Plastics in our oceans play a factor, bycatch, and danger of hatching location all play a factor. All factors that we've caused as humans. However, we can also fix our mistakes. Maybe not entirely, but still- all in all, hope is not lost. Although only about half in a 400 hatch survive, hope still goes on for those that do to continue the ancient legacy of the sea turtle.
Another threat sea turtles face is before they're ever born. Sea turtles are defenseless in egg and just born, so WWF is working to combat the various predators that pick on these helpless creatures. The aid comes by relocation of the nest themselves to safer shore lines. That way, there's quicker and easier/smoother access to the waters and a safer route for each to follow.
The single greatest threat to most sea turtles is getting caught in bycatch or other left over fishing equipment. Endangered species of sea turtles are being torn down in numbers by equipment used in certain fishing practices. WWF is working to reduce this threat by supporting the building of equipment specialized to lower bycatch in general.
The sea turtle shell trade is a huge contribution to over fishing of sea turtles. In a way, it can relate to over hunting of elephants for their tusks. Especially since sea turtles live for much longer than your average elephant, the ratio of them being hunted is much greater, all for a quick buck.
Sea turtles are being caught as bycatch in many types of fishing equipment that often gets left behind. More often than not this will end up also catching other aquatic life as well. If the fish do escape, again the equipment is often left to deteriorate and poison the water or be used as fish food unfortunately.
The average female sea turtle can have anywhere from 80 up to 120 eggs. Incubation periods last about 2 months and during those 2 months is just enough time to be affected by global warming and or be attacked by beach predators near the nest. The average number of nests along the Florida coast is 84,000 however due to global warming with the currents, that number is dropping as most of them are ending up away from that coast and dying to hypothermia before they can even make a nest.
6 out 7 species of sea turtles have been noted as endangered. Throughout the years the numbers of hatchlings born in Asia in decreasing exponentially. 1 in 1,000 will survive to adulthood due to global warming affecting hatch or other affects that threaten survival.
Summary: Starting with the change in seasons with global warming, sea turtles will follow the changing temperatures in currents to find their way to migrate with the rest of the flock. However, many are getting lost along the way as a long cold Fall approaches, getting misguided into freezing stunned in the current of Cape Cod. Connection: More than half end up on the beach dead, and those who remain barely alive are paralyzed from the cold. If left on the beach, the turtles will die of hypothermia as the air is far colder than the waters themselves. Sustainability: For counter-acting this tragedy, a medical team is dispatched to give aid to those still alive. The practice however, is quite difficult. Giving neck injections, drawing their maroon blood followed up by squirting their eyes with anti-septic to check for scratches. Finally, they check the animal's temperature for a stable temp that they can manage to bring down in time. However modern medicine of now may be, the practices used can only save about 80% on average that are brought into the aquarium.
Summary: Within the past 20 years millions of sea turtles have been caught as bycatch in a unsustainable netting process used in fishing. The researcher on deck for this, Bryan Wallace states, "Out of all the threats sea turtles face right now, bycatch is the most serious". Connections: Additionally, the data used to get that amount of millions over the past 20 years only covered LESS than one percent of fleets with barely any info from the fisheries themsleves, and all together estimate millions of sea turtles were caught in bycatch over the past two decades. Sustainability: Only one percent.... Imagine if they used data from every one across the globe. Truly horrifying. Obviously a VERY unsustainable way to fish with extreme impacts on the population of sea turtles. Overall the data used was not that beneficial if it only covered one percent of fleets, especially with the changing times of fishing methods, there could be an overwhelming amount more than there was then being caught in bycatch.
There are numerous effects of Global Warming on the majestic creature that is the sea turtle. With the ever advancing pace of Global Warming, the rate the animal adapts falls ever so behind causing a prediction of extinction throughout further generations. Plummeting numbers until they fully fade. With rising sea levels comes a mass wipe out of the sea turtle's nesting habitats. Hotter sands from increased temperatures has caused a mass defect in the rate of boy vs. girl hatches with girls raining supreme or even going as far as minimal hatches per mother turtle at all. Along with these warming temperatures, the ocean currents have been thrown out of whack to the point where northern species are found in more southern regions and vice versa.
Every year thousands of hatchling sea turtles leave their nest across the southeast U.S. coast and take their first steps into the Atlantic Ocean. Unfortunately, only an estimated 1 in 1,000 of 10,000 average will survive to adulthood. Reasons for such a difficult childhood vary. Although these creatures are seen in cultural mass across the coast of spiritual and mystic importance, this has not stopped humans from playing a large role in their fade. From poaching, commercial fishing, plastics in our oceans, to even illegal shell trade; The torture of these poor creatures goes on and on along each coast. All for apart in the seafood market. The culprit? Only humans are to blame.