Consent of the governed, otherwise known as popular sovereignty, is a political principle in which the people of a country are the ones who decide who rules them. This is in opposition to divine sovereignty, or a divine mandate, where rulers claim that God permitted their rule over the people. Many political thinkers, like English enlightenment philosopher John Locke, Declaration of Independence author Thomas Jefferson, English poet John Milton, one the founders of modern philosophy Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, author of "The Social Contract," advocated the consent of the governed. This principle sets all people in society go to be equal, and that no man or woman was entitled from birth to be a a king nor a queen, an emperor nor an empress. All rule over a populous must be chosen by the people. Consent of the governed has been the culprit of many rebellions against monarchies throughout history. For example, the United States was created by revolution against a government which committed many grievances against the its colonists. One important part of the Declaration of Independence was the proclamation that all men were created equal and the consent of the governed was a major principle in any government. The French Revolution was also based off of the consent of the governed. King Louis refused to tax the high class, so there it was the poorest class who bore the burden of taxation, but they had no say in their taxation. So they guillotined the king and his wife, Marie Antionette, and they created a republican style of government. And we take consent of the governed for granted, but there are other countries in the world in which such a principal does not exist. Fictionally, there is no consent of the governed in "1984." No elections, no representative government. North Korea's government is very similar to this, as is Cuba's. Both countries technically have a representative legislature and elections, but they are all sham. Falsifications in the elections by the government to retain their power. North Korea and Cuba are one-party states. Is it any surprise that one hundred percent of the votes cast are for the communist parties of the respective countries? With no consent of the governed, there is no democracy, no representation of the people, no freedom, and only pure autocracy. To ensure consent of the governed, and that the government with the people's mandate does its job, a constitution and system of jurisprudence must be established, such as our Constitution and Bill of Rights, or Britain's famed system of common law.
Toy Story was one of the movies that defined our childhood. However, the plot of Toy Story 3 was much less simple than saving Jessie from the evil prospector or liberating toys from Sid's hedonistic behavior. Toy Story 3 had an underlying tone about totalitarianism. In the movie, Woody and the other toys have been shipped off to Sunnyside Daycare now that Andy is attending college, and that the daycare is run by Lotso, who turns out to be the most evil, the most cruel, and the most tenacious teddy bear in all the lands. However, as described in this video, Lotso's behavior resembles one of an authoritarian dictator. Some of these behavioral tendencies are identified by the video. For example, Lotso gives preferential treatment to an extremely small amount of his favorite people, they are played by the older kids, who are less abusive towards the toys, while leaving the rest to be abused by the little children who haphazardly throw around the toys. This elitist classism is identifiable in both "1984" and in real life. In Orwell's novel, the government and the masses are identified by the main character as the bourgeois and proletariat (ironically enough, the dystopian government was left wing). In real countries like Angola and former Soviet Union, high ranking government actors are and were showered with opulent treatment, while the masses suffer and suffered. Another act of Losto consistent with totalitarianism is the brainwashing of Buzz by resetting him to his factory preset. This, in "1984," is very similar to the constant propaganda released on the telescreens and printed on flyers by Big Brother. In real life, it is very similar to propaganda printed by countries like North Korea and Cuba. Lotso also imprisons many of Woody and Buzz's allies, and planned to kill them for dissenting with the "government." The blatant lack of respect towards writ of habeas corpus and the killing of political dissidents is in line with totalitarian ideology, in both fiction and reality. In "1984," Room 101 is a place where citizens are held and tortured. This is similar to the gulags, the Siberian prison camps of the USSR. As for the execution of political dissidents, it was rampant in the fictional dystopian Britain, as well as in the Chilean ultra capitalist regime of the US backed Augusto Pinochet, where it was commonplace for political enemies to be thrown into the Pacific Ocean from airplanes. This sort of disgusting, dictatorial behavior is the very reason why the masses of oppressed countries cannot participate in the democratic process. Simply put, any movement advocating for popular sovereignty or representative government is a movement that will be met with a sword or a gun, a sword or a gun of paranoia, intolerance, and oppression. Toy Story really is an outstanding allegory pertaining to unmandated government and the bad treatment of political dissidents, but unfortunately is so eerily reminiscent of what real human beings must endure in their everyday lives. It therefore becomes appropriate that the ousting of the oppressors from power, whether it be violently or nonviolently, be swiftly executed. Freedom must be granted to all.
This video is an approximate eight minutes of North Korean propaganda. A misinformed society is not capable of making democratic decisions (and usually are not given the opportunity to do so). Constant lying and propaganda by both the government depicted in "1984" and by the communist government of North Korea is a major hindrance to a proper government in which a people's mandate is what determines who orchestrates governmental affairs. Instead, both countries are run by autocratic regimes, in which the truth is scarce commodity. Adolf Hitler's propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels is often attributed with saying, "if you repeat a lie often enough, it will eventually become truth." This "große Lüge," or "big lie" technique, is heavily employed by both Big Brother and the Kim regime. For example, Big Brother's government in "1984" creates propaganda vilifying the other two main nations in the world, blaming all societal problems on these countries in a xenophobic fashion. This is very much like one core claim that the communist North Korean government makes: the United States started the Korean War, and want to destroy our nation. Of course, this idea is patently false, as the North Korean Army started the Korean War by invading South Korea on June 25, 1950. Big Brother's propaganda often tricks the people of Airstrip One into believing that their government is immaculate, working day in and day out to protect them from all problems, and that any other problems they may have is due to their enemies working against them. This sounds eerily similar to North Korea. Propaganda is one of the main reasons democracy and consent of the governed do not exist in both Orwell's dystopian Britain and in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). The constant conditioning of people's minds to believe falsehoods suppresses intellectualism and crushes a clamor for reform. A populous governed by an authoritarian propaganda machine cannot and will never procure the truth; and therefore, does not possess the wherewithal to elect its own leaders. The truth is unknown and many lies are told. Simply, the two governments' behaviors towards the truth and democracy can be summed up by the words of Hassan al-Sabbah, Lord of Alamut, "nothing is true, everything is permitted."