Alexander the Great was a Macedonian king who lived from 356-323 BC. His father was King Philip ll, and his mom was Queen Olympia. At the age of 18, Alexander the Great was a cavalry commander and helped his father in battle against the Athenian and Theban armies. When King Philip II died, Alexander led the Macedonian army and conquered many places such as Persia and India. Alexander the Great was the leader of the Corinthian League (a military alliance of Greek states), a military genius, and the most powerful ruler. Alexander the Great extended his kingdom's range from the Mediterranean to the border of India. Finally, at the age of 32, Alexander the Great died. The exact cause of Alexander's death is not known, although it may have been malaria.
Alexander the Great had a fascinating education by tutors. He was taught by many famous men such as Leonidas and Aristotle. However, his favorite teacher was Lysimachus. Leonidas was Alexander the Great's first teacher and taught him math, archery, and horsemanship (training and care of horses). Lysimachus was Alexander the Great's favorite teacher because they would play a game where Alexander got to pretend he was Achilles. In 342 B.C.E., Aristotle became Alexander's tutor and taught him philosophy, government, politics, poetry, drama, and science. Alexander the Great's education ended in 340 B.C.E. when he became King upon his father's death.
Alexander had a total of three wives. The first was Roxana, the main wife. She was the daughter of a local ruler when Alexander was conquering Central Asia. They had a son, Alexander IV, that was born after he died. His second wife was Braxine, daughter of King Darius lll of Persia. His third wife was a Persian woman named Parysatis. Often times, marriages were made for political alliances to unite two lands.
In 15 years of war, Alexander the Great never lost a single battle. The reason why Alexander the Great was so great was because of his military skills and how he made use of all the tools that he had available to him. For example, he had a superior army that his father helped to build. With the help of engineers, Alexander the Great used catapults and towers to help in his sieges. Alexander the Great also displayed many great qualities that made him a powerful leader, such as good judgement, audacity, agility, and strategic thinking. He was a leader that set the example for his men and earned their respect and trust. These all led to the legend of Alexander the Great.
This is an image of King Phillip ll, Alexander the Great's father.
This is a sculpted version of Lysimachus. He is Alexander the Great's favorite teacher.
This is Aristotle. Aristotle is one of Alexander the Great's teachers that taught him philosophy, government, politics, poetry, drama, and sciences.
This is Roxana, Alexander the Great's first wife.