Unlike the rest of Greece, Sparta used iron bars instead of coins. The iron bar in the picture above shows what the bars that they used probably looked like.
If the training that they did in Sparta was photographed, this is an example of what it would probably look like. This picture shows that the boys were skinnier, which shows that they weren't fed very much during their years of training. The training was harsh, tiring and very hard.
This is the formation that the Spartans used when in battle. They had the strongest army at the time in Greece.
The warriors used bronze chest plates, helmets, also, they used other bronze protectors in battle. Also as protection, they used a huge shield that protected them from chin to knee. The Spartan's motto sums up that if they don't come home with a victory, they should have died in battle. Surprisingly, they wore a red cape to show that they were Spartans, but they didn't actually wear the capes in battle. For weapons, they mainly used a spear that was around 7-9 feet. Other than that, they carried a small sword that was only helpful to be used when they were in the crush of battle. Finally, they used a small spear-like device with a heavy, curved blade that was used to hack at enemies.
Surprisingly, the Spartans didn't rule the places they conquered like an empire. Instead, they told them to follow their kind of government. Later though, they went on an expedition to expand their rule and to make it like and empire. They tried to conquer Persia, yet nothing good happened for them when they attempted. While they were busy trying to conquer Persia, the Athenians were able to rebuild their city, walls and their navy that the Spartans had destroyed. They went too far though, when they tried to attack Thebes, a previous allie of the Persians without being provoked. They ended up getting conquered in 371 B.C. by Thebes and the Athenians.
In Sparta, the main thing the women were known for was their beauty. They weren't allowed to wear any makeup or anything like that. They did go to school, unlike most of the other Greek women and girls at the time. In school, they would be able to do physical education like the men and boys. Also, unlike the other parts of Greece at the time, the Spartan women were known for their wit, and outspoken nature. In conclusion, the Spartan women were much different than other parts of Greece and they had many more privileges than other women at the time.
In the city of Sparta, there were three main groups. The Spartans, who were full citizens. The Helots, who were slaves. The Perioeci, who were not slaves or citizens. They were craftsmen, traders and they made weapons for the Spartan/Spartan Army. Spartan men dedicated their whole life to the army in Sparta. They trained and lived with/in the army for many years. The Helots however, were Greeks as well, but they were conquered by Sparta and turned into slaves. Without the Helots, the Spartan way of life couldn't function properly. The Helots were farmers, nurses, military attendants, and domestic servants.
This is a sculpture of a Spartan warrior. People have built them around the world and know how strong and significant they have been in history.