Circadian rhythm is an innate behavior in which animals have a 24 hour cycle of patterns of behavior and physiological processes controlled by the genetics in neurons. In the example, fruit flies are mainly locomotorly active during dusk, meaning they move locations during dusk, rest in the evening, mate at night, eat in very early morning and begin resting at dawn and throughout the day. They repeat this 24 internal clock daily.
Foraging is a learned behavior in which animals learn how to search for food in the wild. This video shows a meerkat foraging and searching for food by digging up small prey that is hiding underground. Also, while the other meerkats are digging up food, one meerkat is keeping watch for predators. Meerkat foraging is a learned behavior because baby meerkats do not begin foraging until about 1 month old, and learn how to forage by following an adult.
Animal cognition is the mental capacity of non human animals, and this chimpanzee happens to have amazing memory. The study has 1 through 9 spread out randomly on a screen, and once you touch 1, 2 through 9 disappear and you have to remember where they were in ascending order. Amazingly, the chimp demonstrated a higher mental capacity in short term memory than the leader of the study, being that the chimp got it right almost all the time while the leader of the study got it right once.
Spatial learning is a learned behavior in which animals record information about their surroundings and environment in order to navigate through space and remember the location of certain stimuli. For instance, in the graph, they found that as time went on and the rats learned more of their surroundings in the maze, the less errors they made. Also, the rats remembered the location of the stimuli of food, as seen that the error count when down by a lot after food was added to the end of the maze.