Slaves were not allowed to do or participate in anything in case of escape. If the slaves escaped they would travel to non-slave states or Canada using the Underground Railroad system. If the slaves did wrong, their masters would whip them and many other horrible things. Many slaves would fight back and died doing so. Slavery was legal in the United States and over 645,000 Africans were bought and sold as slaves.
There was a high rate of male slaves running away. This made the slaveowners buy more female slaves because they had a lower rate of running away. The slave owners wouldn’t just purchase the women slaves for work, they would buy them for their own personal needs as well. If a slave master were to buy a male slave they would try and get the married ones with wives and kids because they wouldn’t try to escape.
Black people that were free and not slaves, we’re still treated lower like a slave and life is still very difficult for them to do anything. The free blacks in the north owned houses, land, businesses, etc. Things were still hard though considering the different skin color. Some free blacks even own slaves but most of the time it was a relative of theirs.
Ulrich Bonnell Philips was a huge historian during that period of time. He studied slavery and the issue between the north and the south. He believed the issue between the two was a social and economic one rather than a political one. He was mainly focused on the plantations in the south though. Phillips thought the slave masters treated the slaves well. He also argued that the sleeves were inefficient and not progressive.
George Armstrong who is the author of The Christian Doctrine of Slavery claims the Bible was written in a period where slavery was practiced regularly. There was a huge religious per suit going on at the time and Armstrong had strong opinions on slavery and the Bible. He believed that slavery was never pitted against in the Bible and that slaveholding was not a sin to God. He wrote a book on it all that many agreed and disagreed on.
During the Antebellum era Thomas Jefferson was the President of the United States. Slavery was a huge issue during his time as President. It was especially an issue because the slaves were counted as three-fifths of a citizen. This caused another big issue because of federal representation and taxation. No one in the North wanted the slavery to expand because then the Northern politicians would start to lose influence in policy decisions. Southerners supported the expansion of slavery but the North argued it.
3/4 of the whites that lived in the south didn’t own slaves. The ones that did though, 88% owned twenty or fewer. The ones that didn’t own them were mainly farmers and they didn’t think owning slaves would help them in any way. The whites that owned slaves had them work on their plantations which the South was based on. Some of the plantations were rice, corn, sugarcane, tabasco, and the main one being cotton.
The Antebellum period gets its name from the Latin phrase “before war.” Because it was a time before, during, and after the war. Specifically the Civil War. At the time the South was called “The Antebellum South.”
White Americans were highly racist and completely against anyone that wasn’t their color. They would color their face with black coal to make fun of the black and black slaves. The white Americans found this as a fun activity to laugh about with one another.
The economy during the Antebellum era was based off where you were, either the North or the South. The North had more industrialized work where as the South was mainly cotton picking. The cottton production was called either the “Cotton Kingdom” or “King Cotton.” It was all dependent on slave labor which was more so a major cause of the Civil War. Most of the slaves picked the cotton by hand and eventually a machine called a cotton gin was invented making the process a little easier and faster. By the end of the period the South which was mostly slaves, had produced 75 percent of the worlds supply of cotton.