The Nez Percés were pushed off of their land. They were thrown onto reservations and were fighting. If the people didn't lose their lives, they lost everything that they had. The white settlers started to buy up all of these horses they could get their hands on. Soon they started breeding them with other magnificent horses, but when they didn't have Appaloosa foals, they were surprised.
There have always been spotted horse, but not always in America. In the beginning, appaloosas were drawn by cave dwellers as a mythical creature. Soon, horse owners in ancient China and Europe started to prize these horses because of how unusual they were. Then, the Appaloosa breed came to America with the Spanish explorers. These were called jennets, along with all of the Spanish horses. Appaloosas weren't always part of America.
There are many different coat colors to the Appaloosa breed. From blankets to roans, everyone has their favorite. These crazy horses can "grow" new colors and patterns. Some start of with small spots and end up with a leopard body.
All show horses must be registered. This is so that there is identification, a "registered name", medical information, a shot record, and a "pedigree chart". A pedigree chart is the "family tree" of a horse. On a pedigree chart, the registered names are used. This way, you can know the skills that your horse has. Registered papers are extremely important especially if your horse is stolen, if you would like to earn points in shows, and so that you can identify who's horse is who's. So, if you want your horse to be a champion, get him/her registered!