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APUSH Final Project Freedom of the Press Frank Marrero

Trump on Free Speech and Freedom of the Press
eff.org

Trump on Free Speech and Freedom of the Press

This article highlights Trump's complex relationship with the media and the effects that his relationship has on free speech and the press' credibility. The author mentions numerous occasions in which Trump has negatively depicted the press and how he has harassed the media to some level. The author explains that Trump depicts the media and press in such a negative manner due to the fact that he does not agree with the things that the media and press say about him which is a prime example of him not respecting free press. Trump's relationship with the press becomes more hostile everyday which has a tremendous psychological impact on the citizens of the US who don't know who to trust.
Jennifer Lynch, the author, is a senior writer and editor who works on privacy and civil liberties which would reflect why she would be so dedicated in criticizing Trumps remarks about the press, which is such an important factor that contributes to the success in a democratic government.

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Edward Snowden Is No Hero
newyorker.com

Edward Snowden Is No Hero

In this critical article by, Jeffrey Toobin, an accomplished writer and editor for the New Yorker, Toobin expresses his argument around the fact that he does not believe that the public should praise Edward Snowden and depict him as a hero who defends freedom of speech and freedom of the press. Toobin's argument highlights his belief that Snowden is actually a traitor who exposed extremely secret information about the US's national government not only to public citizens but also to other countries who have been classified as enemies in the past such as Russia, China, etc.. Toobin goes on to explain that Snowden tries to appeal to the public by creating an image of himself that depicts him as a victim when he already knew how the N.S.A functioned and what they did, since the the entire misson of the agency is to intercept electric communications. Toobin's argument reflects the belief that free press should be limited when national security is at risk. Furthermore, Toobin goes on to explain that even when Snowden supplied the Guardian and the Post both media sources did not publish all of the information that Snowden had provided to them. Toobin articulates that the Guardian and the Post had the judgement that Snowden was missing because they made a right call in not releasing all of the information. From Toobin's critical expressions and comments it is easy to can take away that Toobin prioritizes national security before the freedom of the press due to the fact that freedom of the press can actually harm the nation.
Toobin's argument is quite surprising taking into account his liberal and progressive background however it is important to note that he served as an associate counsel to the Independent Counsel Lawrence Edward Walsh during the Iran-Contra affair dealing with controversies and scandals, therefore he was directly involved in the government for a portion of his life which would explain why he prioritizes national security before the practice of limitless free speech and press.

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Can Freedom of the Press Survive Trump’s Onslaught?
foreignpolicy.com

Can Freedom of the Press Survive Trump’s Onslaught?

This article revolves around Trump's hostile relationship with the media and the effect that that behavior has on free press. The author explains how Trump has continuously claimed that the press is an enemy of the people. The author explains that Trump's comments and actions are inflammatory to people's views on the press and what it stands for. Trump is threatening free press and its credibility due to his constant attacks on media sources because of the articles that they publish about him. This is a crucial argument because the press has been classified as a body who helps maintain the checks and balances system by keeping the government in check and providing citizens with the truth.

Suzzanne Nossel, the author of this article, was named executive director of PEN America in January, 2013. Her career has spanned government service and leadership roles in the corporate and non-profit organizations. Prior to joining PEN, she served as executive director of Amnesty International USA. Before joining Amnesty, Nossel served as deputy assistant secretary of state for International Organizations at the U.S. Department of State, where she was responsible for multilateral human rights, humanitarian affairs, women’s issues, public diplomacy, press, and congressional relations. It's clear that Nossle has had a lot of experience in dealing with humanitarian rights and liberties which would explain why she is so supportive of a free press and stresses its magnitude to such a high degree.

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Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning and Julian Assange: our new heroes | Slavoj Žižek
theguardian.com

Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning and Julian Assange: our new heroes | Slavoj Žižek

In this article, the author argues that whistle blowers like Edward Snowden and Chelsea Manning are heroes for exposing the corrupt actions of the US and keeping the idea of a free press alive. The author explains that Americans already knew of the corrupt actions and behaviors of the US. However, it was the exposure of the data that whistle blowers provided that the public was able to obtain factual information to confirm their theories.

Slavoj Zizek, the author of the article, has deep origins in Communist-era Yugoslavia which is reflected in his works as he has mentioned and referenced communist ideals and principles in numerous pieces of work. In this specific article Zizek goes into depth and citizens the leaders around the globe who only think that they believe in democracy when in reality they are living a fake reality. Zizek really expresses his excitement at the fact that people like Snowden expose the lies of an ideal democratic government. However, it is critical to realize that since Zizek is deeply rooted in communist ideals he would have a big bias towards depicting democratic bodies in bad manner and would praise its enemies in which Snowden has been classified.

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Charging Assange Could Have a Lasting Impact on Press Freedom
wired.com

Charging Assange Could Have a Lasting Impact on Press Freedom

In this article, Andee Greenberg explains how the charging of the Julian Assange, the creator of Wikileaks, by the US' government could threaten the freedom of the press. Greenberg explains the ideal that altogh Wikileaks is not a common news source outlet, it shares the same ends as a typical newspaper, therefore classifying as a news source and providing the same function. Greenberg goes on to say that if the US Department of Justice persecutes Assange, he will be the first journalist in modern time to be criminally charged by American courts for exposing classified information, therefore legal action against Assange would threaten the freedom of the press because according to Greenberg he played the same role of a journalist.

Andy Greenberg is a senior writer for WIRED covering topics around security, privacy and hacker culture. His affiliation to the hacker culture and his numerous works on cyber security reflects why he would be more supportive of Snowden who has also become emerged in the lifestyle.

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