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Jordan Peterson: Inequality and hierarchy give life its purpose
youtube.com

Jordan Peterson: Inequality and hierarchy give life its purpose

This video is of a clinical psychologist and him explaining what the virtues of inequality is in a societal hierarchy, and how to deal with the vices that come along with it. This would be more relevant for an argument about income inequality as a whole and one against communism, but the point is still worth while. Without inequality there is nothing to look to, which in turn makes life rather meaningless to many people. Your husband could not get a better job in New Orleans if not for a hierarchy.

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How to sound smart in your TEDx Talk | Will Stephen | TEDxNewYork
youtube.com

How to sound smart in your TEDx Talk | Will Stephen | TEDxNewYork

Since I have chosen to give a ted talk-like presentation of my analysis, and I couldn’t think of any more research h to do in regards to the content of the analysis, I thought that it would be a good use of time to research the presentation itself. This video though largely a waist of 5 minutes, gave some small insight into how to conduct body language, change tone etc. she giving the presentation. The video was largely useless, though very funny I must say.

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Questions No One Knows the Answers to (Full Version)
youtube.com

Questions No One Knows the Answers to (Full Version)

Literature is all about authors asking questions without answers, as I was told by a wise woman. This video talks about the same thing. Except the questions are more specifically about the universal questions and not gender roles. He speaks of two specific questions that no one knows the answer to. These are: how many universes are there? and why have we not come in contact with aliens. I found this to be an extremely engaging video.

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Thanos’s Plot in Avengers: Infinity War Echoes a Dark Chapter in Recent History | National
nationalreview.com

Thanos’s Plot in Avengers: Infinity War Echoes a Dark Chapter in Recent History | National

This week I saw the new Avengers movie and just thought it was really good and cool. So when I saw an article connecting the motivations of the villain, Thanos, to real world thought I was immediately interested. The philosophy of villain archetypes has always been something that is fascinating to me. This article has nothing to do with my essay but I found it cool anyways. It connects the villain’s desire to cut the universal population in half to save people from famine and destruction to American scientist who had the same idea and whose book inspired global policy.

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Taking a 20-minute afternoon 'coffee nap' could be better than just drinking coffee, accor
businessinsider.com

Taking a 20-minute afternoon 'coffee nap' could be better than just drinking coffee, accor

Business Insider is here giving a tip to overcome you 3pm grogginess. I am always looking for “hacks” to up my productivity. This is a very good tip and is one I will use. This has absolutely nothing to do with my essay but it drew my attention. So at 3pm you should drink coffee and then take a 15-20 minute nap. Coffee takes about 25 minutes to fully enter your bloodstream, so it says do not sleep for more than 25 minutes or you will wake up groggy.

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ResearchGate
researchgate.net

ResearchGate

This is an extensive study on the personality traits among cultures. It would seem that I am doing further research on the nature versus nurture and differences in gender debate, whereas in fact I was doing research on personality psychology. But since I was investigating the former earlier, I was drawn to this study that ties the two together. The study panned their research across culture in order to give the best answer to if the answer leaned toward biological or social factors. If the same personality traits for gender came up across cultures - even ultra-egalitarian ones - then it would reason that they come more from evolution then from environment. It puts fourth the theory that the more dominant a trait is in gender, is that way because it gave them an evolutionary advantage. For example, agreeableness gave an evolutionary advantage to women raising kids. Nurturing personality is necessary for the survival of children.

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Scientific research shows gender is not just a social construct
qz.com

Scientific research shows gender is not just a social construct

I researched this app opic because it is a discussion we have had in class more than once. Every time without sufficient evidence to come to a consensus. You claimed we have no way of knowing how much of gender roles can be contributed to biology or environment. So I wanted to dig for a better understanding of how much of which one it could be. The claim from this piece is not an extreme one, though it might seem that way to those on the left saying that gender is merely a social construct. They give sufficient evidence showing that this is not true and that biology contributes significantly to gender formation. This isn’t not helpful for my essay but there is relevance to the point I am making in it.

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Children, Rituals, and OCD | Psych Central
psychcentral.com

Children, Rituals, and OCD | Psych Central

We have spoken rather intensively about rituals in class in regards to the novel we are reading. So not for help with my essay but just out of curiosity I did some research on the subject. In class I asked why children participate in more rituals than adults and I wanted further explanation. This article talks about rituals for kids and how it is different for kids with OCD. I was more interested in the former. The most interesting quote that pretty much comprehensively answer my questions was “Rituals are a normal part of childhood, and they play an important role in children’s overall development. Rituals create order for children as they grow and try to make sense of the world around them. For example, a bath, story time, and cuddles every night before bed give children structure and a sense of security. They feel safe; they know what to expect. Everything is as it should be. Here, rituals are a good thing.”

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All About Nietzsche, Nihilism, Nihilists, and Nihilistic Philosophy
thoughtco.com

All About Nietzsche, Nihilism, Nihilists, and Nihilistic Philosophy

Though this article has not thing to do with my analysis essay, I am very interested in philosophy and the philosophy of Nietzsche in particular. Also, the central theme I am exploring is Nihilism in The Sun Also Rises and across genres in my outside reading project. So this is essentially research for the MGRP. This article is addressing common misconceptions and the true realationship between Nietzsche and Nihilism. See many believe that Nietzsche was a Nihilist himself, when in reality he wrote a lot about it because he recognized that the void the old religion and moral systems left created could be disastrous for society.

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Suicide of the West | National Review
nationalreview.com

Suicide of the West | National Review

This is a very cool article from Jonah Goldberg that I found incredibly interesting. It talks about western values that we came across basically by accident, calling it a “miracle”. And since we came about liberal-democratic capitalism by accident and not by divine conception, then it is wholly possible for the culture and values to commit suicide, which is excactly what we’re doing. But how? We’ll the chief threat is human nature. One misconception is that because something is human nature, it is natural so it is good. Goldberg disagree he says that civilization is made to keep human nature in check and when we let go, then civilization will break down like a car left in a field. What human nature is doing is it is breeding tribalism in modern America, which is what is breaking down discourse in the political sphere. This article is not really related to my essay but it is written in a very captivating way that I would also like do to to my reader.

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Is math discovered or invented? - Jeff Dekofsky
youtube.com

Is math discovered or invented? - Jeff Dekofsky

This is a very interesting article on the debate on if math was created or discovered. The debate has been going back since the beginning of philosophy and there is no final answer. This is not really relevant to my essay but it was a discussion we had in photography and is something I find very interesting. The video goes through the history of the different people who commented on the topic. It seems to me the the “unreasonable effectiveness” of math makes the discovery theory most plausible to me.

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Hume on Is and Ought | Issue 83 | Philosophy Now
philosophynow.org

Hume on Is and Ought | Issue 83 | Philosophy Now

Charles Pigden considers Hume’s famous claim that you can’t deduce an ‘ought’ from an ‘is’. So this David Hume idea is actually relavent to my paper. The study holds virtually unobjectionable facts if granted the validity of their measurement and honesty. But from these facts The NYT and I draw radically different conclusions, or “oughts”. But there has to be something that bridges the is to the light according to Hume, and since there is no divine proclamation on who is correct the soundness of the logic that brides the is from the ought determines the more valid argument. This is what I must accomplish along with other facts that support my point.

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Donald Trump, Tragic Hero | National Review
nationalreview.com

Donald Trump, Tragic Hero | National Review

This is an interesting piece that compares President Donald Trump to classic tragic hero’s in literature. I thought this was cool as a comparing piece with the stuff we have read in English. I think you should read it you might also find it interesting. In the same way that tragic hero uses his tragic flaw to finally accomplish the goal. He says that Trump will use his brashness and inexperience to get policy passed the same way a tragic hero would. And this flaw will also be his downfall and get him out of office.

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An Ignored 'Disparity', by Dr. Thomas Sowell
creators.com

An Ignored 'Disparity', by Dr. Thomas Sowell

“With all the talk about "disparities" in innumerable contexts, there is one very important disparity that gets remarkably little attention — disparities in the ability to create wealth.” This time I was not even looking for texts from Sowell, it he writes a lot on the subject of disparities so it is not extremely surprising I came across it. He says that though people talk a lot about all different types of disparities, while most are not worth while topics, this disparity is actually important. I would use this for content and include the idea in my section about how to fix the gaps in income because these disparities in opportunity actually cause the gaps many times. He shows examples of African Americans dominating pro basketball and Asians doing the same at science fairs. He says, “Gross inequalities in skills and achievements have been the rule, not the exception, on every inhabited continent and for centuries on end. Yet our laws and government policies act as if any significant statistical difference between racial or ethnic groups in employment or income can only be a result of their being treated differently by others.” This a good mentor sentence as it actually relates a lot to my own argument. He is basic,key saying that there is nothing inherently wrong with disparities and they are not necessarily sinister unless for another glaring reason. This will be a poignant. I make. This can be a mentor text for me.

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The Left’s Doomed Crusade to Erase Gender Differences | National Review
nationalreview.com

The Left’s Doomed Crusade to Erase Gender Differences | National Review

Ben Shapiro rips the New York’s Times and Sweden Preschool for trying to unengineer gender biology for toddlers. This has nothing to do with racial disparities, but I found this interesting and I love Shapiro. This is highly relatable to the conversations we were having in class. Shapiro brings forth evidence that supports my point favoring biology to environment regarding gender identity roles:”The science is certainly not divided on whether gender differences are rooted in biology or culture — the answer is both, but with a heavy emphasis on biology. Even among monkeys, male adolescents prefer wheeled toys and females prefer dolls. Male toddlers are far more physically active than female toddlers. Boys generally have better spatial navigation than girls. Cross-culturally, boys are less dependent than girls, girls are slightly more sociable than boys, and boys are less compliant and more aggressive.

Boys, in other words, are different from girls.”. This is an interesting addition to our discussion, let me know what you think. He says these Swedish schools are doing nothing but confusing little boys and girls about their intuitive behaviors. I like this article for style - Shapiro is really effective in persuasion and debating with facts, something I try to imitate. This article is helpful for style rather than content obviously. Though now come to think of it I could use it in a Sowellesque argument tactic about how groups make inherently different decisions. But I think that would just lead down a rabbit hole that it wouldn’t be very effective.

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Thomas Sowell: Debunking Systemic Racism and Having Common Decency (Pt. 2)
youtube.com

Thomas Sowell: Debunking Systemic Racism and Having Common Decency (Pt. 2)

This is a discussion with my favorite economist and thinker Thomas Sowell on systemic racism. So the main lint of the New York Times article I am trying to refute says that this article means systemic racism and that is the reason for disparities. I would use this video as content. Sowell gives a lot of quotes and information that I use as ideas to paraphrase or as quotes. I like the way Sowell writes and speaks in that he gives multiple relatable examples and ancedotes to further make his point. He talks about how one reason for disparities are poor is because of poor schools. This would definitely be a point I could make in my paper when talking about closing the gaps.

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The Myth of Institutional Racism
merionwest.com

The Myth of Institutional Racism

This article is an opinion piece talking about how rather than institutional racism, disparities should rather be attributed to indivual behavior. This is the opposite of what the NYT attempts to suggest and excactly what I want to prove in my paper. I think this is a great text to use for content. I can use many quotes from it as it is essentially the same case just less detailed and not referencing a study like mine. Also I would like to use it for style. I find the more papers I read that are akin to mine, the better I will be in terms of structure. Structure is something I am worried about because I think that though I have a lot to say, it is important that I make it structured to the point where my ideas come across clearly and concisely.

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Do different groups invest differently in higher education? : Beyond the Numbers: U.S. Bur
bls.gov

Do different groups invest differently in higher education? : Beyond the Numbers: U.S. Bur

This article from the Bureau of Labor Statistics on the different amount of value placed on education by different ethnic groups. So my main theme in the essay I’m writing is that discrimination is not the end-all driving factor in economic disparity. Nor is IQ as others on the other side of the spectrum sometimes suggest. But rather it is caused by many aspects that can all be put under the label of individual behavior. One of these behaviors that is perhaps crucial is the amount of value placed on education in a household. I would use the statistics given in this article to try to show that there is perhaps correlation. Granted, this would further prove that a lot of the disparity is about how children are raised and the values instilled in them at a young age. It should be no suprise that Asians commit the most to education in a financial sense, and also lead in median income.

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Income Inequality Isn’t The Problem
hoover.org

Income Inequality Isn’t The Problem

This is an article from the Hoover Institute at Stanford on income inequality. I chose it because I respect the institution a lot and I want to get a good feel for writing about these sorts of issues. Income Inequality and Racial disparities are actually very close in terms of how I would go about writing about them. I would say that the purpose of reading this article is more for style than content. Though some content could be used if changes were made to fit the topic of my essay. I like the way the author includes rhetorical questions and then answers them. I have noticed that I have adopted this style already in my essay. I think it is a good way to answer counterclaims against my argument and explore further into my points. It is also a good way to transition from point in point in an essay. He also introduces quotes effortlessly in a way that I too would like to accomplish.

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I Don’t Actually Hate Myself: Why Harvard Is Wrong About Bias | TIME.com
healthland.time.com

I Don’t Actually Hate Myself: Why Harvard Is Wrong About Bias | TIME.com

This is an opinion piece from Time on the invalidity of the IAT Test. I am reading about the test because that is the measure that the study of reference is using to discern bias. I found better articles but the Elink website for some reason would not allow me to use the APA article. This is a test that many are using and it is spreading the idea of “automatic bias” as Harvard calls it. I plan on using this article largely for content rather than style. I plan on writing a whole paragraph on the invalidity of the test because the used it in the study. I can definitely use this article as a mentor text and even pull quotes form it. Though I will probably need to use other texts as well, because I know there are things I can use that they did not write about.

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Why people are rich and poor: Republicans and Democrats have very different views
pewresearch.org

Why people are rich and poor: Republicans and Democrats have very different views

This is a Pewresearch article on the different takes between Republicans and Democrats on what makes people poor and rich. I mainly chose this article because I was researching different way to write about and include statistics in my argument. The content is also applicable because it is talking about reasons for wealth, which is one of the main questions my paper should explore. The article is very number-centric, but at the same time it talks about the implications of the statistics in a way that is very educational to my own writing.

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'Acting White' Remains a Barrier for Black Education
reason.com

'Acting White' Remains a Barrier for Black Education

This is an article I am using as content this for one of my main reasons for why there is racial disparity in America. The theory came out in the 80s and has been recently “debunked” many time by people wanting to claim that the disparity is not caused by actions but rather the mysterious systemic racism. This article is claiming that no, it has not been really debunked and offers pretty good statistics that I can use to prove this point.

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Racial inequalities in wages, income, and wealth show that MLK’s work remains unfinished
epi.org

Racial inequalities in wages, income, and wealth show that MLK’s work remains unfinished

This short article is explaining what racial economic inequality is and how drastic it is in America. Here my goal was to read articles that I disagree with. My idea was I just get a solid understand of what I wish to disprove or counter, so that I can do that effectively. The article talks about the different types of figures that show racial disparities. I need to educate myself on the multitude of statistic so that I can write a really throrough paper. Also I need to know the terminology and types of figures to prove some type of authority as that’s something vital to analysis.

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American Median Incomes By Race Since 1967 [CHART]
businessinsider.com

American Median Incomes By Race Since 1967 [CHART]

This article from Buisiness Insider shows one of many flaws in the argument of systemic racism. This is a chart showing the median incomes of the major race groups in America. The question it poses is that if there is in fact systemic racism keeping black boys down in lower income brackets, why is there not racism for other minority groups? Also, what is more likely: mysterious laws that no ones knows that say black people cant be successful or that people from different groups happen to make different individual choices? What else could contribute? Perhaps certain ethnic groups hold values like hard work and education higher than others and that contributes to the disparity?

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Milton Friedman-  Why Affirmative Action is bad♥
youtube.com

Milton Friedman- Why Affirmative Action is bad♥

So in my paper my goal is to explain why though there is significant disparities between minority income, this is not necessary proof of discrimination as a driving factor. But the fact still remains that the disparities do in fact exist, so then what? We still must answer the question about what and what not to do. In this video Milton Friedman explains the correct steps to take to close the gap. In my paper I want to address the remedy in my estimation. I will use the content of this video to explain what the root of the problem is and how to fix it.

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Who Will Pay for Paid Family Leave? | National Review
nationalreview.com

Who Will Pay for Paid Family Leave? | National Review

Another fiscally ruinous entitlement is the last thing America needs, according to George Will. Will is really hard hitting here, which is something I like. In my essay I think will have to walk a fine line trying to not sound racist, but at the same time saying the facts with conviction. There is nothing inherently prejudice about facts, even though some would disagree. I think I need to simultaneously prove that it is not racist and that it’s true. I chose this article because it speaks about economic policy and my ideas about the policy resulting from the racial disparity is something I will address in my paper.

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Bhu Srinivasan: Capitalism isn't an ideology -- it's an operating system
ted.com

Bhu Srinivasan: Capitalism isn't an ideology -- it's an operating system

Instead of thinking about capitalism as a firm, unchanging ideology, Bhu Srinivasan suggests that we should think of it as an operating system. So I came across this video while searching YouTube with the purpose of finding new and interesting ways to talk about Economics. Truthfully I didn’t think this was a good speech, but yet there is something to be learned. Srinivasan was very persuasive and pleading that we fix this before bad things happen, this type of persuasion is something I can model. I want my essay to read somewhat like a speech, with a good flow as I feel I have been rather rigid trying to sound academic.

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Extensive Data Shows Punishing Reach of Racism for Black Boys
nytimes.com

Extensive Data Shows Punishing Reach of Racism for Black Boys

This article is what brought my attention to the original study and it is presents the claims that I will spend most of my essay attempting to refute. In Hume’s terms, the study presents the “is”: objective facts about the world, while this article gives the “ought”: what we can conclude about modern society. I have no business trying to rebuttal the “is” as I am not a social scientist but the “ought” that I think can rightfully be derived from the study is the opposite of NYT. I will directly cite this source in my paper as what I am arguing against. I will quote this text to destroy it.

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There Is No Gender Wage Gap
youtube.com

There Is No Gender Wage Gap

Christina Hoff Sommers, Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, explains in this video why she claims there is no real wage gap between genders. I am not doing my paper on the gender wage gap, but there are definitely parallels in the argument Ms. Sommers makes and the one I’m going to attempt. Recently I have been thinking about the structure of my essay and how to present my points in order so that it will be most effective. Sommers gives me a good model to reference for structure. Since the two arguments are parallel, there is many parts as far as content goes that I can use.

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Football and Fallacies, by Dr. Thomas Sowell
creators.com

Football and Fallacies, by Dr. Thomas Sowell

This is a really cool article because of Sowell’s ability to expose a logical disconnect that escapes so many; using a familiar example that many can resonate with. Thomas Sowell is a well respected economist and thinker that I like and has written extensively on this topic. I like the way he writes this article and it is something that I could definitely model my own paper after. Not only the style, but also the content is something I could reference in my paper.

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