Diabetes can take a big toll on your body and create inconveniences. These inconveniences can vary from dry mouth to heart failure. Some of the effects that diabetes can have on your body have to do with your heart, mouth, kidneys, eyes, blood, and brain.
Diabetes can cause long-term damage, from foot to nerve complications. Some of the potential permanent damages can be be foot problems, damaged blood vessels, affect eyesight, cause heart disease etc.. Some of these problems are not dangerous but some can lead to death if not treated.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are in some sort the same but they work differently. Both diabetes affect the blood glucose regulation. People with Type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin. This is due to the fact that the immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas. In type 2 diabetes the insulin can't bind to the receptor's of body cells, because the body cells build up resistance to insulin. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can are dangerous because they allow the glucose to build up in your blood.
Around 27 million people have type 2 diabetes in the US. Type 2 diabetes is when the pancreas can create insulin. Insulin is used to regulate blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is when the body cells have insulin resistance which is when the insulin doesn't affect the cells like it should. This can be dangerous because the glucose just builds in your blood.
This picture describes what Type 1 diabetes is and what damage Type 1 diabetes could do. Type 1 diabetes is when your body's immune system stops your body from creating insulin by destroying insulin-making cells, also known as, Beta cells. This is very bad for the body because insulin is used to lower your blood glucose levels and if you glucose levels stay high, damage could be done to you blood vessels and organs. People with Type 1 diabetes have to inject insulin into their blood stream in order to regulate their blood glucose levels.
This info graph shows us the two ways that blood glucose is regulated. The pancreas either releases glucagon if the blood glucose levels are too low, or releases insulin if the blood glucose levels are too high. This info graph shows these two solutions to homeostasis by using different colors for the two different solutions. The purple lines represent what happens when the glucose are too high, and the baby blue color lines represent what happens if the glucose levels are too high.