Type 2 diabetes is a result of uncontrolled blood glucose. Unlike in type 1 diabetes, the body does produce insulin, however the body doesn't react to this hormone. The body becomes insulin resistant and causes the blood glucose regulation to spiral out of control. Without insulin, the blood glucose levels reach to high levels and cannot be returned back to homeostasis. Though there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, the body can still get rid of the excess glucose in the blood through exercise which causes all the stored glycogen to be broken up back to glucose for energy.
Blood Glucose Regulation is simply negative feedback. This is when the body prevents additional changes and instead reverses them in order to return back to normal or, in more scientific terms, homeostasis. This diagram shows how the pancreas reacts to low or high blood sugar, causing the release of insulin or glucagon. Once homeostasis has been achieved, the pancreas decreases the secretion of the hormone to prevent any imbalance.
After consuming a meal, there is often too much glucose in your bloodstream. The pancreas will detect this and trigger the insulin to be released, the liver cells pick up on the signals from the pancreas and are urged to take up the glucose. By taking in glucose, the liver cells create glycogen out of the glucose to better store it. Glycogen can also be broken apart back into glucose when blood glucose levels are too low. This conversion helps to regulate blood glucose.
The endocrine system is a storage of glands which allow for the secretion of hormones. This article talks about the endocrine system and the parts that work together to allow it to function. The endocrine system is an important part to regulating the internal body, and affecting just about every cell and organ throughout the body
This article discusses the endocrine system, mainly about the pancreas and the secretion of hormones. Insulin is one of two hormones used to keep the homeostasis within the blood glucose. When the levels of blood glucose rises too high, the pancreas releases insulin to send the signal for the liver and body cells to take up the excess glucose. Unlike insulin, glucose does the opposite. When the blood sugar level are too high, the pancreas will release glucagon which sends the signal for the liver cells to break up the glycogen to release the stored glucose and return the levels to normal.
Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes is only of the long term results caused by lack of glucose regulation. This article focuses on Type 1 Diabetes and go in depth explaining what it is and the symptoms relating to it. This article also briefly discusses the role of insulin and glucose and how those two factors tie into the overall problem.