The California Gold Rush was from 1848- 1864. More than 300,000 people came to California during this time period. People would come and go and others stayed for a long time period and then there was those who stayed permanently. The population grew from 100,000 to 380,000 within ten years of the gold rush.
During the Bear Flag Revolt from June to July of 1846 a group of American settlers from California rebelled against the Mexican government. The group did not last long because after the Flag was raised, California was occupied by the U.S Military, then California was admitted into the union as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. This is a picture of the flag that was risen. Which became the state flag for California in 1911.
On April 18, 1906 San Francisco suffered a tragic earthquake of 7.9 magnitude. Although the earthquake was short, less than a minute, the intensity of it cause great damage including fires for three days. This resulted in about 500 blocks of the city being destroyed. It was estimated that about three thousand people died and nearly half the city's population, 400,000 people, were left homeless. This image is significant because it shows the distribution caused. One is able to see how homes were destroyed and get a sense of how devastating it was to even see this happen to your city.
The Portola expedition start in 1769. This was the first encounter with Europeans in the San Fransico Bay. Spain had colonies in Alta California and was scare that England or Russia would establish an outpost and steal Alta from them. So King Carlos decided to make missionaries and turn Indian into Catholics. Then later on Gaspar de Portola and his men marched to make missionaries from San Diego to Monterrey. They were not able to find Monterrey. In the image above it shows a picture of Portola and his men on the expedition.
In the 1850s a major event happened, California started building railroads. On May 10th of 1869 the first transcontinental railroaded was completed. These railroads are very important because it connected the Central Pacific with the Union Pacific. This led to many people moving into California, and by there being more people in the state it helped better the states economy. Although California was late to the railroad game, compared to like New York, they soon because one of the states with the most miles covered by railroads. In the early years of railroads they were very significant because it's was a great form of transportation and communication, where as now it is most effective to be used to transport freight. This picture is of a train shows how people were able to move around thanks to the railroads.
The Mexican American War started on April 25, 1846 and ended Febuary 2, 1848. The war started because Polk, the current president of the United States, wanted to purchase California and also what's now the southwest of the United States. But it was rejected, so he moved troops into Rio Grande and Nuecas River which were part of Coahuila. This war resulted in Mexico losing territory. This map is relevant to this event because it shows the area that was being fought over.
This picture shows both the Union and Confederate flags. The Civil war was fought on April 12, 1861. California was on the union side. California also became the 31st state admitted to the union on September 9, 1850. The war was fought over slavery. The war started when the confederate forced attack in South Carolina. The union ended up winning the war when General Lee surrender to General Grant at battle of Appomattox. Then more confederate generals surrendered along the way.
I'm the mid nineteenth century, farm workers were being poorly treated and working under bad conditions. Workers were working for many hours under the hot sun and they did not receive a fair salary. In 1962 Cesar Chavez decided to dedicate himself to organizing a union for farm workers. Chavez's union decided to join a strike in Delano which was started by Filipino grape farm workers. After the march to Sacramento organized by Chavez and the boycott to buying the goods from the farms, the growers were pressured to recognize the poor treatment of workers. Later in 1970, they were able to get six of the major growers in Delano to sign the contract of the United Farm Workers bring peace to the vineyard. This image is significant because this person made a change in many others life for the better.
After the Pearl Harbor was attacked, Americans rounded up the Japanese-Americans in internment camps in California. These citizens were taken away from their homes and put into camps. This is significant because it it looked down to have camps, especially during that time because of what was going on in Germany. It is surprising there was camps in the United States and even more surprising that many people don’t know about these internment camps. This picture portrays a camp.
Oil is a main resource for production. In the nineteenth century, industrialization grew rapidly with the help of oil. Oil became the new source of fuel which was used in machines and trains.