Arson investigators are in charge of proving how a fire started, where it started, and by whom it was started. They then need to determine if the fire was started by accident or if it was in deed a case of arson. Some Arson Investigators work for the fire department but others work directly for the police department. Arson investigators need one of the least amounts of education of the forensics careers only requiring a high school diploma. However, you also need to have prior experience with either a fire department or with law enforcement. The average salary sits down at about $54,000 per year. In class this semester we really only looked at fire in the way that it affects fibers when ignited. This can help tell how long a fire has been going though, if it has lit a couch for instance and the investigators know what the couch is made out of, depending on the wear on the couch, they can tell how long the fire has been going.
A Forensic nurse has a more narrowed down career than just a regular nurse. They investigate and help analyze victims of abuse, weather it be domestic, sex crimes, child abuse, elderly abuse, or assault. They are able to interview victims of these crimes, and help identify the tell tale signs of these crimes, such as marks on a body. They usually are stationed at a hospital but are "on call" and ready for law enforcement to call for their help. requirements in include a bachelors in nursing and then a masters in forensic nursing. There are also exams you have to pass to become a nurse in the state you are hoping to work in. The median salary sits at about $67,000 per year. A question I have for a Forensic nurse is why do you need to specify your career into the forensic field instead of just becoming a nurse and dealing with these victims anyway?
Forensic Anthropologists are trained professionals that deal with identifying characteristic traits on human remains. They help law enforcement identify bodies after death. They more specifically help after there has been a natural disaster or any sort of mass death. They are needed to help Id bodies fast and efficiently so that as much time as possible can be spent on the rest of the investigation. Things that they identify include race, gender, height and age. The education requirement includes a bachelors in anthropology, but to be an effective forensic anthropologist, you should probably also have a degree in chemistry and/ or anatomy. After the bachelor, it is encouraged to get a masters as well as a PHD in anthropology. The median salary of a Forensic Anthropologist is one of the lower ones of the Forensic careers sitting at about $54,000. In class we did a unit that included anthropology and how to measure certain bones. We did it for some of the major bones such as the skull, and the femur. In this job it is very important to be accurate to identify specific heights and get a near perfect description of the body.
Linguistics means anything referring to language, written or verbal. A Forensic Linguist is in charge of interpreting words that have to do with a crime. Weather it's a note left at a crime scene, or an audio recording, a Forensic Linguist will analyze it. Forensic Linguists are also present at trials to interpret what a witness or speaker was trying to get across if they didn't word it well. The Linguist can put it in better terms for everyone to understand. The median salary sits at about $69,000. Generally a person needs a Masters degree in Linguistics with an undergraduate degree in foreign languages, computer science, English, communications or philosophy. A question I have for any Forensic Linguist is what is the actual benefit to analyzing lengthy education (up to 10 years)? It seems as though just getting a bachelor's degree would be good enough.
Forensic Psychologists can be used in both civil and criminal cases but are most often used in criminal cases. Their main role is to get into the minds of criminals and figure out what type of people commit certain types of crimes. They often participate in interviews with the family members, victims of criminals, and the criminals themselves to find character traits associated with the crime they committed. Education wise, a person needs either a bachelors degree, a masters, or a PHD in Criminal psychology. However, most times a bachelors degree is not enough. The salary has a yearly average of around $70,000 but there is a large range above and below this average. Forensic Psychologists are often used as expert witnesses in court cases and they give their opinion based on their research on weather or not the suspect fits the crime and was capable of committing the crime at hand. After viewing this source I am still not sure if Forensic Psychologists actually go to crime scenes or not? It seems as though they do more post crime scene type work but going to crime scenes to see what type of movements were made by the criminal may be beneficial to characterizing them.
A Computer Forensics Analyst similar to a Forensic Analyst investigates crime scenes in search of evidence. These experts specialize in recovering evidence specifically from computers or other storage devices at crime scenes. To become a Computer Forensics Analyst, you must have a bachelors degree in computer science or information technology. Most people will also acquire a background in criminal law to help them along the way. Another requirement is getting your Certified Forensic Computer Examiner certification. The average salary is roughly $85,000 per year. Nearly everyday A Computer Forensic Analyst has a case they are working on where they have to search through recovered computers and sort through browser history, pictures, e-mails, and all other data to find evidence. In class we learned that there are specific analysts for each type of evidence and all things digital will be defaulted to the Computer Forensics analyst.