This essay contains most, if not all, of Locke's influential works. It was published in 1689 in England. John Locke explores a variety of ideas that all come back to one: Tabula Rasa. Tabula Rasa means blank slate. Locke believed that all children were at the mercy of the environment, for they were born with no innate capabilities or distinct internal (brain) features. These ideas were not greeted with open arms as he faced the rebuttal of Gottfried Leibniz as well as others. ---John Locke, The Works of John Locke in Nine Volumes, (London: Rivington, 1824 12th ed.). Vol. 1. http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/761---
In this essay, G. W. Leibniz argues every point made by John Locke. It was finished in 1704 but, was not published until 1765. Leibniz was only one of the many philosophers that disagreed with Locke and yet Locke proved to be one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers. Influencing men such as Jean Jacques Rousseau and David Hume. The most prominent argument against Locke was against Tabula Rasa "blank slate". Most philosophers believed that kids were born as mini adults. They did not develop, everything they needed was already in their brain. Locke did address certain arguments (not Leibniz) by saying that children had natural needs but lacked a distinct personality.
This link gives a brief but accurate description of how children were viewed throughout the ages. From Ancient Greece to modern day theories. Prior to Locke and Rousseau, child development theories seemed non-existent. Most people believed children were small adults. Even though the brain was not necessarily discussed back then, people knew that there was something behind actions and behavior. When they saw children they saw little bodies with the same reception capability as any other age. ----2.Aristotle (384-322 B.C.): empiricist -knowledge gained through sensory experience.---
Emile was published in 1762 and expressed similar views to those of Locke while also maintaining some originality. Rousseau focused on education and he did not truly believe we were born blank slates. Children were to be raised with care for they were the future. Rousseau believed education to be of great importance and that it should be the priority for "Families dissolve but the State remains." (Rousseau 1755) ---Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile, or Education. Translated by Barbara Foxley, M.A. (London & Toronto: J.M. Dent and Sons, 1921; New York: E.P. Dutton, 1921). http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2256----
In this article, John Locke's life is explored. It is a short biography of Locke and provides an insight into his world and its difficulties. John Locke influenced many including Jean Jacques Rousseau. Locke had a large impact and was one of the first to consider children's education. He did all of this for the purpose of helping the government. Locke left an everlasting mark on the world of philosophy and development. During the enlightenment, many philosophers were coming out and expressing their ideas: John Locke is one of those famous names. -----Find out more about the history of John Locke, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on HISTORY.com-----
This is from the Stanford Encyclopedia and it explains John Locke's influence. His ups and downs and current esteem. What influences he had through the years; his ideas faced rejection. Especially his ideas involving childhood; It wasn't until the 1900's when his ideas were brought back to light. His ideas involving children sparked a change as to how children were seen. They were everlasting and built off of. Even though some disagreed with his Tabula Rasa idea, they could not argue against much else. Locke did say that children were born with natural needs but lacked a personality. -----Hans Aarsleff remarks that Locke “is the most influential philosopher of modern times”. He notes that besides initiating the vigorous tradition known as British empiricism, Locke’s influence reached-----