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Civil Rights

10 Pivotal People and Events from 1900-1949

10. National Negro Business League (1900 - ) founded by Booker T. Washington

10. National Negro Business League (1900 - ) founded by Booker T. Washington

A) This had an impact of greatly boosting African American businesses. It made economic life better for them. C) This business league is still running; however it is not in as much need as it used to be. African Americans have many more economic opportunities nowadays. B) I can't relate to something like this as much; however, I do sympathize with their need for a business league and economic help and opportunities. I am happy that there are outlets for help for all types of people.

blackpast.org
1. 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote (1920)

1. 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote (1920)

A) Allowing women to vote greatly impacted our country because it finally gave women a success after struggling and fighting for equal rights in the suffrage movement for so long. C) Currently, women are still having to fight for equal rights like equal pay. There have also been many women's marches happening to protest against inequality. B) Personally, I am so thankful that my ancestors have fought for women's rights so that when I turn 18, I will be able to vote.

archives.gov
2. Japanese Internment Camps During World War 2 (1942)

2. Japanese Internment Camps During World War 2 (1942)

A) Relocating all of the Japanese Americans to internment camps was an awful mistake that our nation made. They felt that they had to protect themselves, but by doing this they took away the rights of the Japanese Americans which meant taking them from their homes and moving them to a separate confined area. C) Currently, our country seems to still be moving people from their homes that aren't purely American (specifically Mexicans); however, they send these people back to their home countries now instead of to internment camps. B) Personally, I don't know anyone that has been moved from their home because of their nationality, but it pains me to think of that happening because they are people too; they shouldn't be treated any different.

history.com
3. Jackie Robinson- First African American MLB Player (1947)

3. Jackie Robinson- First African American MLB Player (1947)

A) Having an African American professional baseball player greatly impacted our country. Many people looked at Jackie Robinson as a hero for this; however, there were many people that treated him with disrespect and anger. C) Currently, about 8.5% of the MLB is African American, and people all over still praise Jackie Robinson for being the first and many people see him as a hero. B) I feel that what Jackie Robinson did was extremely courageous and that he opened up doors for many other people to play major league sports and do other jobs that they couldn't do before. I am so happy that profesional sports teams are able to choose their players based off of talent now instead of skin color.

biography.com
4. African Americans are Denied Service at the Thomson Restaurant (1949)

4. African Americans are Denied Service at the Thomson Restaurant (1949)

A) 4 African Americans including Mary Church Terrell being denied service at a whites only restaurant in Washington D.C. was an extremely angering event for our country. It caused many protests and a lawsuit throughout the 50's. C) Nowadays, events like this are extremely against the law, but there are still occasionally cases of discrimination in stores and restaurants. As time has gone on it has become more and more frowned upon by society to treat African Americans differently than whites. B) I have some friends that are African American, and I would feel awful if I was going out to lunch with one of them and they were denied service. It breaks my heart when they are treated unfairly, and I am happy that our country has improved how African Americans are treated.

washingtonpost.com
5. African American Drowns When Whites Throw Stones on Him (leads to Chicago Race Riot)

5. African American Drowns When Whites Throw Stones on Him (leads to Chicago Race Riot)

A) In 1919, a boy was swimming in Lake Michigan when he crossed over into the white section. Angered that he was on the white side of the lake, many whites began throwing stones at him causing him to drown. Policemen neglected to arrest any of these people angering many Americans. In response to this, they organized the Chicago Race Riot. During this riot 23 African Americans were killed as well as 15 whites. C) Nowadays, there are not as many riot, but there are many peaceful marches that take place to protest events like this. Also, in many places police still treat African Americans unfairly. B) Reading about this event made me extremely sad and disgusted because I hate when people are treated unfairly especially when it is about something that they can't control.

history.com
6. The 1913 Women's Suffrage Parade (organized by Alice Paul)

6. The 1913 Women's Suffrage Parade (organized by Alice Paul)

A) Led by Alice Paul and many others, this march greatly impacted our country by showing them that women were joining together to stand up for themselves. It was a large event in the women's suffrage movement. C) Currently, women often march together for equality, so while woman have gained more rights, there are still inequalities that women are fighting for. B) Personally, I am grateful that our ancestors made a stand for our rights so that I am in a society where I don't feel like I can't do something if I am a woman.

theatlantic.com
7. Hattie Wyatt Caraway is First Woman Elected to New York Senate (1932)

7. Hattie Wyatt Caraway is First Woman Elected to New York Senate (1932)

A) When the first woman was elected to the New York Senate, there were of course both positive and negative reactions. Many people were extremely supportive; however, some felt that a woman could not do this job as well as a man. C) Our country still has yet to have a woman president, but now about 25% of the US state legislators are women. B) Thanks to women like Hattie who have stepped into job positions that were previously only done by men, I am able to be a doctor or lawyer when I am older instead of a stay at home Mom.

history.house.gov
8. W. E. B. Du Bois writes The Souls of Black Folk in 1903

8. W. E. B. Du Bois writes The Souls of Black Folk in 1903

A) This novel had a huge impact on society by bringing in these new ideas on the inequality. One central idea was that African Americans were under this veil where they were kept away from whites. The other main point of the book was white double consciousness. C) Now, there are many laws placed that don't allow segregation between skin colors, so the veil has been lifted; however it can often still be felt in our country. B) I have grown up in an environment where everyone is treated equally, so it makes me extremely upset to think how that has not always been the case and is still not always the case.

bartleby.com
9. George Coleman Poage: First African-American to Win a Medal in the Olympic Games (1904)

9. George Coleman Poage: First African-American to Win a Medal in the Olympic Games (1904)

A) The affect that this event had on Americans was that it showed them that African Americans can do things just as good as Whites can. Poage had as much talent as the other athletes even though he had a different skin color. C) Nowadays, many more African American athletes have been added to the United States Olympic team with Simone Biles winning 4 gold medals. B) I play on a soccer team with both whites and African Americans and we are all on that team because of our skills, not because of our skin color.

blackthen.com