The movement’s purpose was for blacks to gain equal rights under the united states law. These movements started in 1950s to 1960s. Many groups and involved got involved with these to serve a bigger purpose. There were many leaders that led non-violent acts but were still ridiculed by many white supremacists. Many laws were changed after people spoke up about what was right. This era changed not only our country but our lives.
The Civil Rights era caused our nation to grow together. Through nonviolent movements lead by activists and leaders, our nation has seen powerful events. These events have led up to the equality for all races. Segregation is not apart of our lives anymore but there are still discrimination factors. This era was a time to speak up for what is right and do it in a way that anyone could get involved in and that's exactly what happened. Even though some did not agree with equality for all, it had to be set in stone that everyone (no matter your race, sex, religion, etc.) is equal to one another.
Police Brutality is when law enforcement abuse their authority and use excessive force towards an individual. This abuse could be either physical or psychological harm. During the civil rights movement era, the most noted times when police brutality was involved greatly was during the Birmingham campaign of 1963–64 and during the Selma to Montgomery marches of 1965. The abuse was broadcasted and it was showed around the nation which sparked fury. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke about police brutality towards african americans in his speeches. Police would harm activist groups because they did not agree with their opinions for equality.
Jim crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the southern united states. These laws were enforced until 1965. These laws were enforced in public facilities. Public education was segregation most in the south since the civil war. In these public places, african americans were looked down upon or were inferior to white americans. This gave african americans many disadvantages to living their daily lives. The last of the Jim Crow laws were overruled by the civil act of 1964 as well as the voting act of 1965. Yet years later, courts still have to decide on discrimination conflicts.
Freedom riders were civil rights activists. These people rode buses that went into segregated southern states. They decided to challenge the southern states non-enforcement to non segregated buses.The United States supreme court ruled that segregated public buses were unconstitutional. The southern states ignored the federal rule. The freedom riders wanted to make sure the government enforce this rule in order to enforce equality amongst all races. Amongst all the freedom rides, 436 individuals participated in this act.
The court declared that it is wrong and unconstitutional to separate blacks and whites in public schools. This ruling changed the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, that state-sponsored segregation is allowed in public education. This goes against the fourteenth amendment that citizens of the United States have equal rights and protection. This decision however did not end racial discrimination but it was still a big landmark in civil rights movement.
The sit-ins movements were nonviolent acts during the civil rights time. Many students across the nation would use this tactic to show involvement in the movement because it was powerful. African american students in baltimore started this act to end desegregation in department store restaurants. This movement started out small but ended with great impact as the Morgan State college students saw the success of the baltimore sit in, that they decided to do one themselves for the same reason. There were tons of support, even the support from white americans. This helped with the desegregation for department store restaurants. These students sat in a restaurant without fighting which made a big statement for the civil rights movement.
On August 28, 1963 the civil rights movement “the March on Washington” was held in Washington DC. Martin Luther King Jr. led the march as well as gave his historic “I Have a Dream” speech. This march was for the civil and economic rights of African Americans. After this movement, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed. This was a law that was passed which stated that you can't discriminate someone based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin. It guarantees all citizens equal protection and protection for voting rights. This march impacted the government and americans greatly.
After slavery ended in the united states in 1875, african americans were considered citizens but weren’t treated the same as white americans. Many whites did not like the fact that blacks were considered citizens so they decided to make a white supremacy group called the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) that attacked african americans. During this time, the majority race in the government was whites. These whites discriminated against blacks and decided to make laws against them that segregated them from white americans. Many of these laws were mostly placed in the south, but racial discrimination happened all around the united states.
Civil rights leaders were people with the intentions to expand rights and freedom. They work to protect people from discrimination as well as political repression from the government and other groups. They are also here to make sure that all people gain the same rights to work or participate in government life. These leaders participate in movements to make sure their words are heard for what they want and for what is right. These leaders are mainly here to make sure all people are given the same rights.
Martin Luther King Jr was a civil rights leader. He was most known for his non violence civil rights movements. King stated, “...method of nonviolent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity." Many people stood with him on this belief. He led many powerful movements such as the Montgomery bus boycott as well as the March on Washington. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work for racial equality. Martin Luther King Jr. was an honorable man.
Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist. She was most known in her participation in the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Parks did not want to give up her seat, on the bus, to a white person. She was ordered to sit in the “colored section” but refused so she was arrested by the police for violating segregation laws. This started a movement which was a boycott on ridding the montgomery busses which lasted a year. This nonviolence movement made Parks a symbol for resistance to racial discrimination.