In this long piece of text about Canadian history, I will focus in a paragraph about ¼ of the way down, in the section labelled “Canada emerges on world stage”. In the first paragraph of this section, it explains how the world viewed confederation and how it helped the country. It helped the industrial productivity and efficiency. It won an international status, and the place of women had been upgraded dramatically, and earned them respect and other rights. It shows the long-term effects of Confederation, and it was all positive. I think that this shows that the joining of colonies was positive, and contributed well to the wellbeing of Canada.
I think that the Indigenous people did not think that confederation was a good idea and, even after confederation and all the numbered treaties, they still have a hard life (as this article shows). The treaties did nothing more than confine the Indigenous groups to their set land. Jess Housty, an Indigenous woman from Bella Bella, grew up harvesting food and living the way her ancestors did, naturally and peacefully. She was pulled out of her home as a young adult, and told to move to Vancouver Island to attend the University of Victoria. After a few years, she was desperate to visit her family. Her professor said yes, and arranged the dates that she would go. Only when she got back from her trip did she realize she had missed an exam, and therefore, almost failed the class. Confederation has destroyed Indigenous lives, from roaming free and hunting, to being tucked away in the cold north. They are treated badly, and Jess’ story shows that life is still rough and unfair for the Indigenous peoples of Canada. Confederation, for them, was a disaster, and destroyed their rights and lifestyles, making it harder still for them to live in peace with their European neighbours.