This database article details a Christian lesbian's account with a homophobic church. The woman, after seeing a sign from the church stating that "Jesus would stone homos", asked the church to stone her. The article points out the church's hypocrisy by stating "Lopez is a member of the United Methodist church and believes this kind of belief is against her religion and against Christianity" ("New York woman"). This supports my position by showing that holding onto traditional beliefs, such as those of a religion, is how societies perpetuate gay stigma. This source is legitimate because it shows the hatred of the church and the woman's response without pushing an agenda. *** "New York woman asks anti-gay Harlem church to stone her." World Geography and Culture Online. Facts On File, Inc. 27 Mar. 2014. Web. 1 May 2018.
This database article shows a foreign view of gay acceptance. It quotes a Kenyan bishop who says "homosexuality is 'an attack on the family'" ("Kenyan bishop warns Obama"). This focus on the family and what God says about it highlights traditional beliefs. The article even says "Gay support networks in Kenya note blackmail and extortion of gay people is common, and homosexuality remains unaccepted" ("Kenyan bishop warns Obama"). This also shows how gay stigma is perpetuated in other societies, and what effects it has elsewhere. This source is legitimate because it gives the facts behind the issue and shows clearly how gay people are discriminated against in Kenya. *** "Kenyan bishop warns Obama against pro-gay policy." World Geography and Culture Online. Facts On File, Inc. 6 July 2015. Web. 1 May 2018. .
This picture shows the various things which make minorities, specifically gay people, internalize negative feelings toward themselves. ("Internalized Homophobia"). This supports my position by showing factors which perpetuate stigma, including homophobia, inequality, and religion. Then, it shows how it makes people feel hatred for themselves for being different, which are effects of this negative stigma. This source is legitimate because it comes from a website dealing with internalized homophobia, how it happens, and what its effects are. *** “Internalized Homophobia | Revel & Riot.” Revel Riot, www.revelandriot.com/resources/internalized-homophobia/.
This infographic details how much LGBT youth are bullied and what effects it has. It says "8 out of 10 students have been verbally harassed and 4 out of 10 students have been physically harassed at school" ("Unhealthy Impact of Bullying"). This supports my position that perpetuation of stigma has negative effects such as a decline in safety and higher risks of smoking, dating violence, and suicide. This source is legitimate because it cites its sources at the bottom and also chooses to contrast heterosexual risks with homosexual risks. *** “Unhealthy Impact of Bullying on LGBT Youth.” Outright Vermont, 6 Mar. 2013, www.outrightvt.org/2013/03/06/unhealthy-impact-of-bullying-on-lgbt-youth/.
This article supports the idea of "minority stress", which is stigma against minorities (such as gay people) which causes stress and higher instances of mental health issues (Meyer). This article supports my position that stigma has a negative effect against gay people, even going so far as to say that this stigma is causing long-term issues in LGB populations. This source is legitimate because the author has a history of writing and researching about mental health issues and a Ph.D. in this subject. *** Meyer, Ilan H. “Prejudice, Social Stress, and Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Populations: Conceptual Issues and Research Evidence.” Psychological Bulletin, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2003, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2072932/.
This database article proposes the idea that discrimination and stigma has been more recent. It explains that homosexuality was not an uncommon thing in ancient societies such as Greece or Rome, and repression of gay people has increased due to authoritarian political forces which repress sexuality (Grossman). This article supports my position that repression has come only recently due to the influence of hate groups. This source is legitimate because it cites its many sources and states its research without emotion or bias. *** Grossman, Andrew. "Gay Studies." New Dictionary of the History of Ideas, edited by Maryanne Cline Horowitz, vol. 3, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005, pp. 866-870. Gale Virtual Reference Library, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3424300304/GPS?u=j084910011&sid=GPS&xid=011601cc. Accessed 1 May 2018.