1. In February of 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, sending 120,000 people from the U.S. west coast into internment camps because of their ethnic background. Two-thirds of them were born in America. The article I chose exemplifies "the other". There were harsh stereotype and prejudice views towards Japanese-Americans. In the article Lieutenant General John Dewitt states his opinion on the Japanese race, claiming, "The Japanese race is an enemy race." Not all Americans of Japanese descent were bad. He had bias views towards Japanese-Americans due to past experiences. As the article went on, I could see more examples of how Japanese-Americans were the “others”. Japanese-American, Lawson Lichiro Sakai, enlisted in the U.S. navy in 1941 with three Caucasian classmates. His classmates were accepted but he was not. When he asked why he wasn't accepted, the recruitment station responded by saying that Larson, "was an enemy alien, So he was no longer a American citizen." Lawson was viewed differently than those of his classmates, and he was discriminated on because of his race. 2. The article I chose can be connected to the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. The United States government can be compared to Maycomb as a whole. The government is a large community with its own prejudice and bias views towards the Japanese. This is what Maycomb is fueled on. Maycomb has its own views on blacks. Lawson in the article can be seen as Helen Robinson in the book, as he was discriminated and taunted about his race. This is the same for Helen, except she was discriminated because of her skin color. Lastly, Lieutenant General John Dewitt is the same as the jury in the novel, because he has prejudice views towards Japanese-Americans; much like the jury in the novel, who holds prejudice perspectives on Tom Robinson.
1. The Rwandan Genocide started in April of 1994 and ended in June of 1994. It lasted for approximately 100 days. The 100 days of pure violence left 800,000 Rwandans dead. Many of them were Tutsis, who were brutally slaughtered by the Hutus. The Hutus and Tutsis are two of the three ethnic groups that make up Rwanda. The Hutus made up eighty-five percent of Rwanda whereas the Tutsis made up fourteen percent. The Tutsis were the minority in Rwanda. The Tutsis are the "other". They were blamed for the killing of Hutu Rwandan president, Juvenal Habyarimana. This sparked outrage, and led to the eventual genocide of the Tutsis. Hutus used radios in order for people to listen and spread the hate of the Tutsis. Under the section, "The Power of The Radio" the author explains how the Tutsis were viewed saying, "Radio was also used to dehumanize Tutis by calling them 'cockroaches', making acts of violence against them seem less humane." The Tutsis were killed for no reason. They were the minority and blamed for all of Rwanda’s problems. They can be compared to the Jews in World War II. There are many more example of how the Tutsis were being "othered" in the article. A example of Tutsis being treated as "other" was the campaign of rape against women. In the article it states, "The exact number is unknown, but it is estimated that between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped. It was considered another way to destroy the Tutsi ethnic group, was through the emotional pain." Thousands of women were rape and then killed. This genocide not only harmed Tutsis physically, but also emotionally. 2. This article can be connected to the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. The Tutsis can be seen as the blacks in the book. The blacks are the minority in Maycomb, and are despised by most of the town. This is the same for the Tutsis in Rwanda. The black community in Maycomb is blamed whenever a bad thing happens. The Hutus are similar to the Ewells in the book. The Ewells despise blacks because of their skin color, so they yell and shout racial slurs at them whenever they pass their house. The Hutus are the same as the Ewells, as they hate Tutsis for no real reason and actively discriminate on them.
1. "Fortunate Son" is a song made by an American rock band, Creedence Clearwater Revival. The song was released in September of 1969. This song is "other" or different from songs back in the time. The song protests the U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War. The song exposes the truth of how rich and fortunate people didn't get drafted into the war, whereas poor people did. In verse two of the song, the author talks about the wealthy. He wrote, "Some folks are born silver spoon in hand Lord, don't they help themselves, no." Being born with a silver spoon in hand is an idiom for being born into a wealthy family and growing into an adult who doesn't understand a hard day's work. Research from the time demonstrates that many wealthy man were mysteriously not drafted. This is believed to of happen because of their connections to high ranking government officials. As the song goes on there are many more lines that criticize the wealthy. In verse two, it explains what the wealthy did in order to prevent getting drafted. The singer sings, "But when the taxman comes to the door Lord, the house looks like a rummage sale, yeah." In order to avoid being put into a higher tax bracket, and pay more taxes, which would make the wealthy poorer. The wealthy hid or sold valuable possessions when being audited. 2. This song can be connected to the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird. The wealthy in the song have the same privilege and rights as those in Maycomb. The wealthy and more fortunate did not to do as much work as those of the poor. Being wealthy meant you had more power. A majority of the U.S. was in favor of the war, but the Creedence Clearwater Revival was not. The band above can be seen as the black community of Maycomb and Atticus. Many people were against Tom during the trial, but the black community of Maycomb and Atticus believed him to be innocent. They believed he was telling the truth, whereas many people in Maycomb didn't because of his race.
1. The picture was taken on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, on March 7, 1965. Her name was Amelia Boynton, and she was marching peacefully, along with 600 other protesters, for voting rights when policeman arrived. She was left bloody and unconscious. The picture above exemplifies the theme of "the other". The girl in the photo above is black. The picture was taken in the 1960 where racism was at its peak. Amelia was beaten for no reason, accept for her skin color. She was doing nothing wrong that day, but because she was black she was discriminated against. Blacks had no rights back then, so the fact that she was voicing her opinion meant that something bad was going to happen. In the picture above you can see a women lying in the street unconscious. She seems to be being held by a man who seems very sad, almost as if he is crying for help. The women has blankets and jackets on her legs. Both man and woman in the picture are wearing jackets. Lastly, the feet of other people involved can be seen near the women lying unconscious 2. The picture above can be connected to the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, because it too has a large racial aspect. In the novel, there are many visible examples of how blacks are treated differently because of their skin color. The picture above demonstrates how blacks are harmed and punished for doing nothing wrong. Amelia can be seen as Tom Robinson in To Kill a Mockingbird. She did nothing wrong but was punished because of her skin color. Tom Robinson was falsely accused of raping Mayella Ewell, and was shot 17 times until killed while trying to escape jail. The man in the picture above can also be viewed as Atticus in the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. He is helping the woman and that is exactly what Atticus did with Tom in the book.