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Teaching Tolerance. Teaching Hard History: A Framework for Teaching American Slavery. Retrieved from https://www.tolerance.org/frameworks/teaching-hard-history/american-slavery
This lesson plan teaches social justice by giving students a greater understand of the history of slavery in America.
Bazzit, J. Teaching the American Revolution in Upper Elementary. Retrieved from
This is a detailed lesson plan with many resources attached. The author briefly mentions the role of women and blacks in the American Revolution, but I would incorporate books and videos throughout the lesson that teach about the minoritized groups.
Learning to Give. Industrial Revolution and Women. Retrieved from
This lesson plan teaches for social justice because it helps student learn about the effects the Industrial Revolution had on women and families as well as discussing the role of children in supporting their families.
Civil Rights Teaching. History Detectives: Voting Rights in Mississippi, 1964. Retrieved from
This is a great lesson plan with interactive ideas to help students explore the struggle for voting rights in Mississippi in 1964. I would be sure to include what all groups of people were experiencing (i.e. the working class, blacks, slaves, women).
Stanford University. Lesson Plan: Civil Rights or Human Rights? Retrieved from
This lesson plan teaches for social justice because it focuses on the African Americans story during the Civil Rights Movement.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica (2018). Reformation. Retrieved from
Description: This article gives a brief overview of the Reformation including influential people during that time, such as Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin, and Henry VIII.
Social Justice: This article prepares teachers to teach for social justice because it gives an overview of what happened during the Protestant Reformation, which understanding will allow a teacher to branch out and discussion the oppression that can take place through religion as well as intersections of religion and social class.
Walsh, B. (2017). Responding to student protest. Retrieved from https://www.gse.harvard.edu
Description: This article talks about how teachers can respond when student protests happen in a social justice manner. The article encourages educators to explore controversial conversations with their students, but also protect students who are being harassed or bullied.
Social Justice: This prepares teachers to teach for social justice because it talks about the value of seeking understanding of the students’ views when protests happen, and it also explains that the first conversation about a controversial topic should not be when controversy explodes in the school.
Crawford, V. L. (1993). Women in the Civil Rights Movement: Trailblazers and Torchbearers,
1941-1965. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Description: This 320 page book tells the story of the influential contributions made by black women during the Civil Rights Movement.
Social Justice: This book would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice by helping them learn the story of black women during the Civil Rights Movement and prepare them to incorporate that into the lesson.
The New York Times. 7 times in history when students turned to activism. Retrieved from
Description: This New York Times article recounts seven times students around the world have challenged adult voices beginning in the 1960s.
Why for students?: This would be appropriate for 6th grade students to see the history of how students have raised their voices, and for them to see what current protests are going on.
Social Justice: This prepares students for thinking about social justice issues because it helps them see what students have protested against throughout history. They can learn what was effective, discuss what lead students to protest. Teachers could use this as a way to help students realize that their voice matters. The protests involve issues such as, racism and politics.
Khan Academy. The Boston Massacre. Retrieved from https://www.khanacademy.org
Description: This website has information for the Boston Massacre as well as multiple other major events in the American Revolution.
Why for students?: This resource is appropriate for students because it could be used in a research project. It also has great discussion questions at the end of every article. The information is presented in a clear and direct way.
Social Justice: This website will prepare students for learning social justice by helping them understand the history of the American Revolution, which will prepare them to dig deeper into social justice issues within the American Revolution as well as connect it to their own lives.
Berkin, C. (2006). Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for America's Independence. New York, NY: Vintage.
Description: This is a 244 page book about the role of women in the American Revolution. While men were off at war, women took action at home organizing protests. This book also tells the story of Margaret Corbin who was became crippled for life after taking her husband’s place by a cannon during the war.
Social Justice: This book would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice because it would provide information about the role of women in the American Revolution. I put this with the teacher resources because it is a longer book, but it could also be useful to students as read aloud book.
Sanders, N.I. (2010). America's Black Founders: Revolutionary Heroes & Early Leaders. Chicago, IL: Chicago Review Press.
Description: This children’s book has a collection of stories about the “lesser known but significant lives and contributions of our nation’s early African American leaders” (Amazon.com review).
Why for students?: This is appropriate for children because it is written for young readers. It also includes a series of activity ideas that could be used to spark further learning.
Social Justice: This book is a great resource to introduce heros that are not normally talked about. This is a great book to have available to students so that they can see examples of how black men and women have made significant contributions in American History.
Rockwell, A. (2016). A Spy Called James: The True Story of James Lafayette, Revolutionary War Double Agent. Millbrook Press.
Description: This children’s book tell the true story of an African American slave who spied for Washington’s army during the American Revolution. His service did not give him the freedom he hoped for, and so after fighting in the war, he fought for his own freedom.
Why for students?: This book is a great way for children to hear a true story told in an interactive way with pictures.
Social Justice: This prepares students to think about social justice issues because it teaches about how the slaves were treated during the American Revolution, and it would give students a chance to process James’ experience of not being set free after his service in the war. A teacher could make a connection of James acting to gain his freedom to what the students can do to do when things are unfair in their lives. This shows an intersection of racism and social class because not only are slaves oppressed because of being black, but they are also viewed as lower than the working class.
Ayres, E. African Americans and the American Revolution. Retrieved from https://www.history
Description: This article examines the role African Americans played on both the American and British sides of the American Revolution.
Social Justice: African Americans are often underrepresented in lessons about the American Revolution. This article would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice by helping them understand the role of free and enslaved African Americans in the revolution in order to present their story to the students as well.
Rockwell, A. (2006). They called her Molly Pitcher. Decorah, IA: Dragonfly Books.
Description: This children’s book tells the story of Molly joining her husband when he joined Washington’s army during the American Revolution. She kept the American soldiers hydrated during a battle, and when her husband was shot and injured, Molly took over the cannon!
Why for students?: This book is appropriate for children because it is simple and the pictures are engaging.
Social Justice: This book shows how a woman made contributions during the American Revolution. A discussion could be based around why it was such a big deal that Molly did what she did based on what women’s primary roles where during that time period. A teacher could connect it to the students by asking how women’s roles in society have changed since that point, what messages society sends about men and women’s roles, and how those messages affect the students individually.
Rau, D. M. (2015). Who was Marie Antoinette? Penguin Workshop.
Description: This short chapter book discusses the life of Marie Antoinette and how her extreme fashion style eventually lead to her being killed at the guillotine.
Why for students?: This book would give 6th grade students a longer text to engage with while learning about the French Revolution, but being only 112 pages it would be manageable. It also presents the information in a simple and understandable way.
Social Justice: Marie Antoinette is an interesting character in history. This book could lead to discussion on whether it was right that she was executed. It also teaches social justice through classism. There could also possibly be a discussion of feminism.
Song of the French Revolution Film Les Miserables [Video file]. Retrieved from
Description: This video shows lyrics and images to the song, “Do you Hear the People Sing?” from the musical Les Miserables.
Why for students?: This would be appropriate for students because they could analyze how the things they have learned about the French Revolution are found in this popular song from Les Mis. It is a good way to connect history to popular media.
Social Justice: This song talks about how the working class are revolting for things they feel are unjust.
Nelson, Ken. (2018). Biography for Kids: Napoleon Bonaparte. Ducksters. Retrieved from
Description: This website gives information about Napoleon’s life and what government reforms he put in place during his reign.
Why for students?: This website is a great resource for students to study in order to learn about Napoleon and what he did as the French dictator. The information is presented clearly and in an understandable way.
Social Justice: This article briefly mentions the Napoleonic Code, and one example it gave was that Napoleon changed government positions to be hired based on qualifications and ability rather than a person’s birth or religion. This could lead to a conversation about creating an unbiased job interview process.
The French Revolution - In a Nutshell [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.
Description: This video gives an overview of why the French Revolution happened in about 3 minutes, as well as discussing the outcomes of the French Revolution.
Why appropriate for children?: This video is brief and quick paced, which will keep the students engaged while informing them about the French Revolution.
Social Justice: The video shows an example of classism, and how the working class protested against the ruling class and gained some rights. There is also an example of intersectionality because it points out that even though some of these rights were gained, some groups of people (i.e. women and blacks) were left out.
Markham, J. D. The Revolution, Napoleon, and Education. Retrieved from
Description: This is an article that discusses Napoleon’s influential role in the French Revolution and his emphasis for education.
Social Justice: This will prepare teachers to teach social justice because they will understand what education practices from Napoleon may still be affecting us today. Teachers will be able to process whether or not those practices are effective, and what they could change in their classroom to teach in a more social justice manner.
Some Students Face Suspension for Walking Out [Video file]. Retrieved from
Description: This is a CNN newscast of students in Georgia who were faced with consequences of suspension if they chose to join the nation wide walk out after a school shooting. They were protesting the importance of student lives over gun rights.
Why appropriate for children?: This common core is for 6th graders, and I feel that they are old enough to hear and process current events that are happening around them. This is a good example of revolutions that are happening today.
Social Justice: This is a great example of how students are using their voices. It could also lead to a discussion about the disciplinary action put in place to hinder students from protesting and what that means and whether or not it’s right.
Elschner, G. (2017). Martin Luther. Minedition.
Description: This is a children’s book about how Martin Luther’s 95 theses changed history because no one had gone against the Roman Catholic church until this point. The book goes on to explore the outcomes (the Reformation) of Luther’s actions.
Why for students?: This book would be a good non-fiction picture book where students could learn about the beginning of the Reformation movement.
Social Justice: This book could lead to a discussion about what the students can do when there is a policy or rule they do not agree with. It could teach principles of problem solving.
How Inventions Change the World (for better or for worse) [Video file]. Retrieved from
Description: This video talks about the invention of the cotton gin during the Industrial Revolution and the good and bad consequences that were associated with that.
Why for students?: This video is appropriate for students because it is brief and explains the content clearly in a way that would engage learners.
Social Justice: This video teaches that one of the negative consequences of the cotton gin was that it “multiplied and prolonged the use of slavery.” This video could be a base for talking about other inventions and analyzing if the benefits outweigh the unintended negative consequences. The video ends with good current examples of good inventions and unintended consequences.
Tougas, S. (2011). Little rock girl 1957: How a photograph changed the fight for integration.
North Mankota, MN: Compass Point Books.
Description: This book discusses one of the nine black students that were going to march to the all white school after the local governor used the National Guard to keep these black students out. This one girl did not get the message and went alone. The book discusses how the photograph of this girl being sneered at as she attempted to go to an integrated school by herself brought attention to the racism in Arkansas.
Why for students?: This would be a great resource because it is written for students in grades 5-7, and it includes primary source photographs.
Social Justice: This book could spark a discussion about racism and segregation in schools. It’s also about a girl their age and the courage she had to protest alone, and how her voice was heard through the photograph that was published throughout the country.
Introduction to the Protestant Reformation: Setting the Stage [Video file]. Retrieved from
Description: This Khan Academy video describes how the Roman Catholic church split into multiple branches of Christianity. It discusses the issues that Martin Luther desired to reform.
Why for children?: This resource would be great in helping 6th graders understand the Protestant Reformation simply. It is great series of videos to use for students as a great introduction to Martin Luther’s 95 theses.
Social Justice: This video could prepare students to learn about social justice because it could start a discussion about what students can do to promote equality when they see something amiss just like Luther took a stand when he did not agree with some of the changes in the Catholic church.
Sam Cooke A Change is Gonna Come [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/
Description: This song describes a black man’s experience of racism and the hope he has that a change will come.
Why for children?: This song would bring variety into the classroom to study the lyrics and how they relate to the Civil Rights Movement. The attached YouTube video also shows old photographs of black people, which could bring a deeper understanding or connection to the song.
Social Justice: This song would help students learn about social justice because it shows some of the difficulties people in the black community face. There is a verse that talks about how he was kicked out of a movie. That could lead to a discussion of seemingly invisible white privilege who do not have to worry about being kicked out of a movie.
Black lives matter global network responds to protect and serve bill. Retrieved from https://black
Description: The above source is to a specific article on the website Black Lives Matter, but the whole website is a great tool to understand current issues going on in the black community and it presents ideas of what we can do to help.
Social Justice: Black Lives Matter is a great resource for teachers to reference to keep updated on current events and issues that the black community is facing. This would prepare a teacher to teach social justice because it presents and insider view about current events. Students could reference this website too.
History.com staff. (2009). Civil rights movement. Retrieved from https://www.history.com
Description: This website is a helpful tool to give a comprehensive overview of events that took place during the Civil Rights Movement.
Social Justice: This website would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice because it discusses the events in U.S. history that took place in the effort to change segregation laws and the attitude of racism.
Rosa Parks: Civil Rights Activist Video [Video file]. Retrieved from: https://utah.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/americon-vid-rosa-parks/video/#.WyGR-Ogvzrc
Description: This is a 3.5 minute video the tells the story of Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat in the bus for a white man.
Why for children?: This video would be appropriate for children because it presents the information briefly and simply in the form of a video.
Social Justice: This video prepares students to learn about social justice with the discussion question of, “Have you ever seized an opportunity to demand fair treatment for you or someone else?” The experience of Rosa Parks involves an intersection of racism, feminism, and classism.
Isecke, H. (2009). Child labor and industrial revolution: Reader’s theatre script and fluency
lesson. Teacher Created Materials.
Description: This is a reader’s theatre script about two young sisters’ experience working under terrible conditions in a factory. This resource shows some of the outcomes of the Industrial Revolution.
Why for children?: This would be a good way for students to learn about the outcomes of the Industrial Revolution in the fun, interactive way of a theatre script. It would help the experiences of the two girls come to life.
Social Justice: This book prepares students to learn about social justice because it portrays an example of intersectionality between feminism and social class. It could also lead to a discussion about the conditions of sweatshops today.
McCully, E. A. (1996). The bobbin girl. New York, NY: Dial Books.
Description: 10 year-old Rebecca works in a textile mill to help support her family. When the mill girls’ wages are cut, Rebecca joins the other girls in a protest. This book would be a good resource in teaching some of the outcomes of the Industrial Revolution.
Why for children?: This would be appropriate for children because it is a children’s story book that portrays the experience of a girl the age of some elementary students, and her experience working in the textile mills. Students can learn from her courage of standing up, and her example of seeking more information about current issues.
Social Justice: This book prepares students to learn about social justice because it portrays an example of intersectionality between feminism and social class.
Weatherford, C. B. (2018). Be a king: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream and you. New York,
Description: This book follows the experience of a class of students who learn about Martin Luther King Jr.’s experiences and his example of pressing forward during adversity and keeping the hope that someday equality will be a reality.
Why for children?: This would be appropriate for children because it is a children’s book that teaches about Martin Luther King Jr.’s life as well as helping make connections to their own lives.
Social Justice: This book can prepare students to think about racism and how that negatively affects individuals as well as society. It will also help them learn how they can be a voice for good in the classroom to create a safe and inclusive environment.
Arts and Crafts: Design in a Nutshell [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=CBq73yxha0o
Description: The video discusses how William Morris began the Arts and Crafts movement as a rebellion against the Industrial Revolution. The issue was the the machines took the personal craftsmanship out of products. So Morris used the machines in a way to make products unique instead of perfectly mass produced.
Why for students?: This would be appropriate for students because it teaches about the Arts and Crafts movement simply, and it relates the information to the viewer. It also ends with the question of, “Have you mastered your machines?” that could lead to a discussion about how we use technology and how we are still affected today by the Industrial Revolution and the Arts and Crafts movement.
Social Justice: Social justice can be taught through teaching students that when they see something they view could be done better, they have the power to act and make their voice heard. They can discuss how machines (technology) are currently used in the classroom, and what they could change to make the use of technology more effective.
Stearns, P. N. (1993). The industrial revolution in world history (4th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Description: This book discusses how the Industrial Revolution was one of most influential events in the past three centuries. Reviews say that is gives a comprehension overview of the Industrial Revolution and that it is an easy read.
Social Justice: This book would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice because it discusses how the Industrial Revolution affected countries around the world. That would provide information to discuss how the revolution that started in England affected people around the world and how we are all still affected by it today.
Griffin, E. (2013). Liberty's dawn: A people's history of the industrial revolution. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Description: This book focuses on the social impacts that the Industrial Revolution had on the working class. It uses a collection of first hand accounts to show how individuals in the working class were both positively and negatively affected.
Social Justice: This book would prepare a teacher to teach for social justice because it discusses how members of the working class were affected by the Industrial Revolution both positively and negatively. This could lead to a discussion of how the Industrial Revolution affected the owning class differently than the working class. There are not many sources from women's perspectives and that could lead to a discussion about why women were discouraged from sharing their own experiences, and how the role of women has evolved since the Industrial Revolution.