1) In the article, written by the Asian-american Frank Shyong, Frank describes the many modern-day issues and mistakes that careless writers and/or people in general make about Asian-Americans in the USA. Whether they're careless mistakes that people don't think about, or they're intentional to make someone feel bad about themselves, they shouldn't be happening. Frank mainly focuses on the mistakes made in the Olympics. He describes how this can make Asian-Americans feel othered, because it seems like they're not being respected. David states, "I shared in my Korean American friends' joy at seeing their motherland in the spotlight, and in their anger when NBC announced that their broadcasters would continue to pronounce Pyeongchang incorrectly, despite a step-by-step tutorial from the Asian American Journalists Association". In this example, the location of the 2018 winter Olympics was being pronounced incorrectly. Frank is happy that Pyeongchang is being represented as the location for the Olympics, but angry that despite the many pronunciation lessons, they are still pronouncing it incorrectly. This is othering the Asian-Americans because it shows that even though the pronunciation is wrong, they CNN don't really care. Another example of Asian-Americans being othered that is mentioned in the article the many, many mistakes writers and news reporters make when categorizing Asian-Americans as Americans. David explains how he is tired of all the "mistakes" made. He explains, "These moments — admittedly digital and ephemeral — involve honest mistakes, or blameless technological mix-ups, or errors that are not made in malice or with any knowledge about their impact. But I'm haunted by the message they send, nonetheless. And I wonder why it's a mistake we keep making". David is tired of correcting all the mistakes and mix-ups that happen. He wonders why he and his fellow Asian-Americans keep being othered and disrespected by writers that make "mistakes" way to often. 2) In "To Kill a Mockingbird", different characters make certain assumptions and mix-ups about the town of Maycomb and the people in it. However, instead of merely correcting them, the people of Maycomb have their own ways of doing things. For example, Miss Caroline is Scout's teacher in school. She's from northern Alabama, and she doesn't know the ways of the town like everyone else who has lived there for what seems like forever. For example, the Cunninghams are a poor family in Maycomb that never take anything that they can't pay back. When Miss Caroline offers Walter Cunningham, the boy in Scout's class, a quarter to buy lunch, he doesn't take it. Miss Caroline is confused why, and she keeps nagging Walter to take the quarter. Scout says, "'That's okay, ma'am, you'll get to know all the county folk after a while. The Cunninghams never took anything they can't pay back- no church baskets and no scrip stamps. They never took anything off of anybody, they get along with what they have. They don't have much, but they get along on it" (26). In a way, Miss Caroline is othering Walter by putting him on the spot and trying to force him to take the quarter. Scout has to step in and explain to Miss Caroline the situation that she and Walter are in, in order for her to stop pestering Walter. This connects to the article because both Walter and Asian-Americans are othered because of things they can't help; Walter is poor, and Asian-Americans can't help their ethnicity.
1) During this TedTalk, Gabriela Shimako talks about the roles put on women and men in modern day society. As she talks to the audience about how she feels about gender equality and how it would benefit everyone, she mentions some important points about both girls and boys being othered. Towards the beginning of her talk, she brings up the stereotypes put on different genders about their preferences, behaviors, and actions. These stereotypes influence the way people think about themselves and the opposite sex. If someone goes against the norm, they are considered "different", and are bullied and othered because they're not living up to the stereotypes that they're under. For example, in the video, Gabriela talks about a story she once heard about a boy being othered because the book he wanted to read wasn't "meant" for boys. Gabriela states, "I also heard about a little boy who was in the library of his school, and chose a book with a pink cover about a princess. When he was observing which types of books his friends were getting, he rapidly put the book back in the shelf, and got a book about a superhero. He thought that if his friends saw him getting a 'girly' book, he would be bullied and teased in front of everybody. After all, he's a boy. Pink books are for girls. Boys cant read pink books". In this quote, Gabriela explains how the little boy felt that he would be bullied if he were to read a book about a princess, because those books were supposed to be for girls to read. He would be othered, and considered different, if he chose a "girly" book to read, instead of one that was meant for boys to read. Another example that Gabriela brings up in her talk is that women are often put under the impression that they themselves are the cause of the harassment they often face. They are told that it is their own fault if a man decides to take advantage of a woman, or if they assault them in any way. She explains, "Feminism is needed because women cannot wear anything they want, without being scared of being raped. As if the clothes they wear were the cause of their (men) physical and mental aggression. As if they were provoking their own assault by wearing the things they want to wear". Gabriela mentions that feminism would prevent these ideas that people have of women being held responsible for the persecution they face from men, because it would help them realize that both men and women are equal and that it is definitely not right for someone to think otherwise and then act upon it. When women are othered, it is often caused by the stereotype that women are weaker, lesser, and not as important as men, therefore the women are discriminated against because of the idea of them being less than men. 2) In the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird", their are many examples of characters being othered demonstrated. Although the novel mainly focuses on the racial discrimination that goes on in the town of Maycomb, their is also some gender stereotypes that are exemplified in the book. Maycomb is a small, southern town, set in Alabama. The Finch's (the family that the plot of the book is based on) consist of; Atticus (the father), Jem (the son), Scout (the daughter), and Calpurnia (the maid). During the summer, their friend Dill comes to visit, and stays with a neighboring family. Jem and Dill are both boys around the same age, but Scout is a girl who is a couple years younger than both of them, hence the discrimination she faces from Jem later in the novel. At one point, Scout is going against something that Jem wants to do because she is afraid and doesn't think it is a good idea. Although Scout is just using her reason and common sense, Jem blames it on her gender and how she is starting to become more like a girl. Jem states, "'Scout, I'm tellin' you for the last time, shut your trap or go home- I declare to the Lord you're gettin' more like a girl every day!'" (Lee 69). Jem is taking advantage of the stereotype of girls being dainty and weak and using it to convince Scout that it's her own fault that she's not daring enough to do what he wants. This connects to the example in Gabriela's TedTalk about the boy who wanted to read the princess book, but didn't because he feared of being bullied or othered by his friends; Scout fears that he will be othered by Jem and Dill if she backs out of their plan, so she goes along with it to avoid being made fun of.
In this article, Jeff Burlow describes the career of an African-american employee of Whole Foods, who was discriminated against because of her race, until she was eventually fired. Kissie Moore worked at Whole Foods for 3 years, in which the last 5 months weren't as smooth as she had liked them to be. In November 2016, she went on maternity leave. When she went back to work after that, she was immediately assigned 8 straight days of work by her new team leader. Although she asked for her work hours to change, because she was a single mom and she had just had an infant, all that she got was a careless remark from her team leader. She claimed that it was because of her race, and that anyone else who worked there would be treated better. The article claims, "Moore’s complaint says no other employees were asked to work 'such a demanding inflexible schedule.' It also says a white employee was encouraged to ease back into work when she returned from maternity leave". The article says that white employees would never be faced with such hardship after just coming back from a maternity leave. Moore is being othered because she's the only one who had to do eight days of straight work, and other employees with different races wouldn't be treated like that. Her many complaints and pleas are ignored, unlike other employees. However, before she gets fired, she does notice that other employees are starting to be fired, most which are similar to her. The article says, "When Moore returned to work, she noticed a disproportionate number of black employees were being terminated. She complained to the store’s team leader, wrote a letter and made phone calls to the Regional Office but was never made aware of any action being taken". As the article says, Moore is claiming that other African-Americans who work with her are being fired as well. They are being othered, because it it just the African-Americans being mistreated and disrespected. 2) In "To Kill a Mockingbird", the racial discrimination demonstrated in the book can definitely connect to the racial discrimination in modern-day society. In the novel, Tom Robinson (an African-American who also lives in Maycomb) faces discrimination in court. He is blamed for raping Mayella Ewell, but he is clearly innocent. However, he ends up being found guilty, and taken to jail, where he is shot 12 times when trying to escape. Before this happens, though, Atticus says something about how it isn't fair that he is being arrested for no reason. He says, “You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women- black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men. There is not a person in the courtroom who has never told a lie, who has never done an immoral thing, and there is no man living who has never looked upon a woman without desire” (273). Atticus is explaining that, white or black, humans themselves do things they shouldn't do. He also mentions that all races are equal, because they all tell lies and do immoral things, and that they shouldn't other Tom Robinson just because he's an African-american.
Discrimination and otherness is often provoked by someone's age, habits, or actions. In the song "Dust and Ashes", from the musical Natasha, Pierre, and the Great Comet of 1812, Pierre sings about his life and the problems he faces. Pierre is othered because he is an old man, and he doesn't have a lot of friends. He has a drinking problem, which makes it even harder for him to make friends. He feels that his life is incomplete, and that he hasn't done anything with it yet. He wants to find love, and to have a happy life, but he's othered and made fun of. At the beginning of the song, he wonders about his life and if it'll continue like this forever; worthless and lonely. He sings, "Is this how I die? Ridiculed and laughed at, wearing clown shoes. Is this how I die? Furious and reckless, sick with booze". Pierre is wondering if he is going to spend his whole life being othered and discriminated against. Pierre believes that no one is truly awake until they find love in any form. He questions himself, and why he can't find love, why he cant wake up. He sings, "They say we are asleep until we fall in love, we are children of dust and ashes. But when we fall in love we wake up, and we are a God and angels weep. But if I die here tonight, I die in my sleep". Pierre has been othered his whole life and he considers that if he were to die that night, he'd die in "his sleep", or without love in his life. 2) This connected to "To Kill a Mockingbird" because Atticus is also othered. Although he isn't lonely (he has Scout and Jem) he is one of the only white men in Maycomb who isn't racist. He is othered by Bob Ewell, because Bob is racist and doesn't support what Atticus believes in. At one point, he confronts Atticus in person. The novel says, "According to Miss Stephanie Crawford, however, Atticus was leaving the post office when Mr. Ewell approached him, cursed him, spat on him, and threatened to kill him. Miss Stephanie (who, by the time she had told it twice was there and had seen it all—passing by from the Jitney Jungle, she was)—Miss Stephanie said. Atticus didn’t bat an eye, just took out his handkerchief and wiped his face and stood there and let Mr. Ewell call him names wild horses could not bring her to repeat" (291). Atticus is facing the otherness from Bob Ewell, who strongly disagrees with him. Instead of fighting it however, he lets it happen.