1. Ella Linero tells about the different societal expectations of men and women. Her poem communicates ideas about differences and similarities in men and women and how evidently, everyone should be considered equal no matter their gender. This poem tells about the different ways society shapes people into different stereotypes. Society makes women into dainty feminine little objects and makes men into strong and masculine people. Linero describes society's expectation that women's actions are small and graceful. The author writes, "Moves, graceful, gentle, elegant, and FEMININE. As society tells her, she is a woman, and that is her role. Where she wishes to stomp, she stands on her tiptoes. Where she wishes to thrash, she glides across the floor." However, the author then describes societies standards for men to be strong and powerful. "I don't dance. I am the example to others, and know how to do everything. I don't feel things, or at least show them, because that is not what I do. I am powerful and MANLY," it says. At the end of the poem, after both genders are described, Linero states that everyone should be equal, even if society thinks otherwise. "But strip us down, wash away our skin, we are bare, we are the same," the writer states. 2. This poem relates to To Kill a Mockingbird because both works include gender roles and gender bias. Women and men exemplify different roles based on their gender in both works of literature. In To Kill a Mockingbird, there is an obvious border between masculinity and femininity. When Aunt Alexandra invites the ladies over they all act very poised and proper, they seem incapable of making mistakes. However, when Scout complains about Jem being rude to her, everyone blames it on the fact that he is growing up. They tell Scout that she needs to learn to respect him as he grows older and becomes an adult. 3. Based on the ideals of this poem, in order to overcome ignorance we must face issues and try, as a whole society, to influence younger (and older) generations more positively. We should send the message that women and men are equals, and should be treated as so, instead of the opposite.
1. UN Women Goodwill Ambassador, Emma Watson, speaks out about her experiences with feminism and equal rights. In her speech, Emma Watson touches on feeling "othered" while growing up. She says "When i was 8, i was confused of being called bossy, because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents, but the boys were not." She continues to go through her past experiences including watching girls drop out of sports teams in fear of looking masculine. She feels "othered" through her life when her male friends feel uncomfortable expressing their feelings and emotions around her because of her gender. 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout feels similar to Emma because they appear to be in similar situations. Scout is experiencing the incidences that Emma has already endured. Scout feels "othered" just as Emma has and they both are trying to break out of their gender roles. When Scout is told that she needs to stop acting like a girl, she feels confused and irritated. She is confused because she doesn't think being a girl is a bad thing, even though she is given the impression that being a girl is a burden. 3. In order to overcome ignorance about the word feminist, Emma Watson suggests that we start guiding and raising boys and girls to think of each other as equals. She says, "We don't often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are. And when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence."
1. Cecilia L. Ridgeway tells about the progression of gender equality over the past century. THe article discusses the progression of rights in the modern world. Ridgeway discusses the lulls and peaks in the fight for equal rights. She writes about how women can feel "othered" in a variety of settings. She tells about how long the issue of women feeling on the outside has been happening and how much it has progressed. "Yet the cold, hard facts show that gender gaps and inequalities persist, even in the face of startling social and economic transformations and concerted movements to challenge women’s subordination," Ridgeway writes. She believes that even though equality has come a long way there is still a lot of work to be done in order to have men and women truly feel like they're equals. "To be sure, American women have made substantial gains since 1970. But gains have leveled off since the 1990s, suggesting that the gender revolution may be stalling – or at least slowing down," she says, further backing up her idea of a paused increase in change (as of 2011). 2. Women in Maycomb County have many less opportunities than men do. They're expected to act in a very specific and proper way. The way Scout changes throughout the book is influenced by the other women in Maycomb and how they act. Scout doesn't loose a sense of herself throughout the book, instead her appearance is influenced.
1. Mary Brinton, a sociology professor at Harvard University, answers questions regarding women in the workplace. She touches on gender equality in the workplace, fertility rates in post-industrial countries, and solutions that must be acted upon in order to break gender stereotypes. Working women sometimes feel "othered" in settings mainly populated by men. Brinton also talks about how women are expected to constantly be available, especially when they have families. "If women put many more hours into these household activities than men, this greatly disadvantages women in the workplace. It is unrealistic to expect gender equality if workplaces demand that women be available all the time," she states. This also places constant pressure on women and it increases stress levels. The issue in many countries is not that women don't have the same education of men (although this is a large problem in many countries, not all countries are involved with this issue) but rather that after school is over, women aren't represented in the same way. "In the United States and a number of other countries, women now actually surpass men in educational achievement," she writes. 2. In To Kill a Mockingbird, women are restricted to specific obligations. The women in Maycomb county aren't able to serve on the jury. Scout and Jem realize this isn't fair. Scout feels "othered" because of this and she feels like she is being treated like a minority when she doesn't have equal opportunity. 3. Brinton also believes that the way to overcome ignorance is through education. "Gender stereotypes are hard to break and, like it or not, we are all prone to engaging in stereotyping at one time or another," she says. She thinks that is difficult to avoid stereotypes in our daily lives. "It’s important to study our biases and quantify inequality, such as the work conducted here at Harvard, so that we can understand how to effect change," she added.