In this article, written by Kimberly Amadeo, she asserts that he Great Depression of 1929 was a 10-year global economic crisis. She uses causes and examples to explain how life was before, during, and after the depression. Amadeo’s tone of this article is informational because she explains more of informational side of the Great Depression. I added this article to my collection because “The Grapes Of Wrath” has it’s setting during the years of the Great Depression. This could be shown throughout the book from the way that farmers acted, and how everyone lived. The Depression caused many farmers to lose their farms. At the same time, years of overcultivation and a drought created the Dust Bowl in the Midwest. This can be seen in the beginning of the book, which starts off with a very descriptive setting of Chapter 1.
In this article, written by Nicholas Kristof, he asserts that he believes the power of hope is real. Kristof uses numerous example of aid programs in different countries to prove his point. Kristof’s tone in this article is determined because he is determined to get point across to each reader. I added this article to my collection because the Joads believed in the power of hope, also. They adventure and live off of the hope of doin this or getting that. Not only the Joads, but every migrant family is full of hope for a better life and some work.
In this article, written by Erin Blakemore, she asserts that the dust bowl was horrible time for the Grat Plains. She furthers this argument with the explaining of “Black Sunday” of April 14, 1935. That afternoon, a gigantic cloud swept across the Great Plains. “Black Sunday,” as the storm became known, was the death knell for the poor farmers of Oklahoma and Texas. The author seems to have a devastating tone towards the topic, knowing what happened during the dust bowl and “Black Sunday”. I added this article to my collection because it the Dust Bowl was the reason why the Joads and every other family native to Oklahoma has to leave. This weather caused the families to be out of work, which led to each of them leaving Texas and adventuring towards California.
In this article, written by Kimberly Amadeo, she asserts that U.S. income inequality has worsened significantly in the past 30 years. She elaborates on the statistical look at incomes of different American individuals. The author’s tone of this article is very informative because she looked more at the topic from a numbers standpoint or statistical standpoint. I added this article to my collection because it relates to the pay of the migrants coming down looking for work. The migrants work for as low as a piece of bread, which was way below wages during the time. This was also the reason why other Americans didn’t like migrants, because they would come and take their jobs. For example, would you rather take someone who will work for $ 3.00 a hour or .25 c an hour? This really lowered the wages and the owners knew they could do it because they knew Migrnats would do anything for a piece of bread, or some meat, or just food period. They were starving and needed money, no matter how much they got and no matter how they got it. It wasn’t fair to the workers that were their already, which was income inequality.
In this article, written by Norimitsu Onishi and Somini Sengupta, the two authors assert that one of Africa’s richest cities is threatening to turn off the taps to its four million residents, cutting off homes and most businesses. This will limit water to those residents, therefore, the water will have to be rationalized, using it only for needy purposes such as schools, hospitals, etc. There was a three year drought, which is why water supply is very low. The authors’ tone of this article is scathing because they explained the effects of low water supply in a critical way, and seemed to have saw this as a serious issue for Africa. I decided to include this in my collection because it Relates to the Okies and how little food they had as they traveled. Okies would look for work and would work for food because they had nothing to eat. Low food supply was a real problem for Okies and it also was the cause of death for some of them. This included water, as it was a problem for Okies, too. As mentioned before, Okies would work for food instead of money, which indicates that they really didn’t have anything to eat or drink. It was almost like a drought of nutrition.
In this article, written by Ryan Cooper, he asserts that Socialism or Marxism, if you will, is not dead and is still seen today. The author uses talks about how socialists today aren’t really different from socialists in the 20th century. The author’s tone in this article has to be pragmatic because everything the author talks about it elaborates on realistic and has been seen throughout this American society. I decided to include this in my collection because it relates to the theory of Socialism being shown during the time of the migration of the Okies. They stopped at different camps to take rest breaks from all of the riding they we're doing. They most importantly stopped in a government camp, where the leader of each unit was a fellow camper. This gave power to the people in many different ways, which shows Socialism.
“I'd rather drink muddy water/Sleep out in a hollow log/Than be in California/Treated like a dirty dog.” In this Article, which was wrote by Cecilia Rasmussen, she asserts that migrants were still being discriminated by Americans. She talks about how The LAPD established a foreign excursion of sorts -- a "Bum Blockade" on the state's borders. This is Ironic because the man that started the excursion was straight from Texas, and grew up in the dirt with no education. The author’s tone of this article was sad and sorrowful. The author acts as if she feels sorry that the world didn’t really change much for migrants. I added this article to my collection because of how Rasmussen explained the treatment of migrants. In the book,”The Grapes Of Wrath”, Okies/Migrants we’re treated the same way. They were treated like they were the dirt of the earth and other Americans didn’t like them, only because they would come and work for something to eat. The Okies often lowered work wages which is why the other Americans didn’t like the idea of the Okies coming over, so they treated them with no respect, no moral, and no sympathy.
In "Our First Hooverville" by Jack Johnson, he asserts that homeless men took possession of this 9-acre Port tract in 1931, building 50 shacks of scrap lumber within two weeks. The article is about a Hooverville camp that was made in 1931, but still stands until this day. It was a settlement of adult men, 72 percent white. The author’s tone of this article is informative because he gives much knowledge on the historical camp and listed numerous facts about the camp’s background. I decided to include this in my collection because it relates to the Hoovervilles that Tom Joad and his family stay in, which was “free and easy shanty life”, as quoted from the article.