1.Martin Luther King Jr. was a social activist in the 1950s through 1960s for the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for social equality and human rights for all African Americans. When slavery ended in 1865 African Americans were still being “othered”. When the bus boycott started in December 1955, the African American community chose Martin Luther King Jr. to be the official spokesman, ¨Activists coordinated a bus boycott that would continue for 381 days, placing a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners. They chose Martin Luther King Jr. as the protest’s leader and official spokesman¨(history). In 1964 Martin Luther King Jr. gave the “I Have a Dream” speech which is one of the most influential speeches today, “The March on Washington culminated in King’s most famous address, known as the “I Have a Dream” speech, a spirited call for peace and equality that many consider a masterpiece of rhetoric”(history). This speech explains how King dreams for peace and equality and not to be othered. Without Martin Luther King Jr. African Americans might still be “othered” today. 2.Martin Luther King Jr. is a strong, brave man who fights for what he believes in. King can be connected to Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is selected into a court case to try and help an African American who is being othered. Like Atticus Finch, Martin Luther King Jr. did everything in his power to fight for what he believes in. King isn´t just like Atticus because he stood up for an African American, but is also like him because of shared character traits. Atticus shows bravery in many situations in the book whether it's protecting his kids, shooting a rabid dog or taking the side of an African American. King shows bravery by doing speeches in front of thousands of people and participating in marches.
1.In 1916 a law called the Jim Crow laws were passed and it created two separate societies between the whites and the African Americans, “Jim Crow laws were passed by Southern states that created a racial caste system in the American South. By 1914 laws effectively created two separate societies; one black and one white”(HistoryBits). The Jim Crow laws stated that the African Americans would need to sit in the back of the bus and give up their seats to whites if necessary, could not ride together in the same rail car, sit in the same waiting room or in the same theater, attend to the same school, and eat in the same restaurant. This law created an even bigger boundary and othered African Americans even more. In 1955 a woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat. “Rosa Parks refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man in 1955 sparked intense protests by blacks and concerned whites”(HistoryBits). This sparked up many other protests such as marches, speeches, and other African Americans declining to give up their seat. 2. Rosa Parks is like Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird. They both show a huge amount of courage. Both Rosa Parks and Scout stand up for what they believe is right, even though it could get them into trouble. The Jim Crow law is like the town Maycomb. If you do one thing that goes against the norm of society everyone in the town will have a new perspective on you. According to the Jim Crow law if you have different colored skin then everyone views you differently.
1.This image was taken in 1968 during the civil rights movement. It shows a protest of African American men fighting against otherness. Their posters read “I Am A Man” which refers to the way they are treated. The meaning that these men are trying to portray is that they should be treated like a human instead of “an other”. During this strike the protesters demanded recognition for their union, better working conditions, and better wages. This protest was sparked by the deaths of two African American trash handlers who were killed by a malfunctioning garbage truck. 2. This can be connected to Tom Robinson's internal struggle in court. In court, the judge and audience treated Tom Robinson like he was less than a human, as if he was an animal. The “I Am A Man” can well describe what Tom Robinson was thinking during these events.
The protest song “We Shall Overcome” by Joan Baez was made in 1963 and depicts the struggles of the African Americans during that time frame. This song is about their lives after they get their freedom.The lyrics “We Shall Overcome” are repeated again and again in this song and represent the day when African Americans will overcome racism and otherness. This song became one of the anthem songs for the protests and is one of the most powerful songs of the 20th century. This song can be connected to Tom Robinson's court case and Tom Robinson's death. The lyrics “We are not afraid” explains how Tom Robinson was acting during the court case.