There is evidence that cellular hydration state is an important factor controlling cellular protein turnover; protein synthesis and protein degradation are affected in opposite directions by cell swel
Context: Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMCs) are common among physically active individuals and are temporarily disabling; therefore, prevention is of great interest.Objective: To determine the
To present recommendations to optimize the fluid-replacement practices of athletes. Dehydration can compromise athletic performance and increase the risk of exertional heat injury. Athletes do n
To examine the effects of creatine supplementation on the incidence of cramping and injury observed during 1 season of National Collegiate Athletic Association Division IA football training and compet
Abstract: It is the position of the American College of Sports Medicine that adequate fluid replacement helps maintain hydration and, therefore, promotes...
Alcohol and the athlete have been linked together since ancient times. It continues to be the most commonly consumed drug among the athletic population. Alcohol use carries significant potential adver
after a 1.5-hour recovery from a heat stress trial of treadmill exercise in a hot, humid environment (33.1 ± 3.1oC = 55.1 ± 8.9% relative humidity) until a 3.1 ± 0.3% body mass loss was achieved. Deh
s in the United States. Pole vaulting, gymnastics, ice hockey, and football have the highest incidence of direct catastrophic injuries for sports in which males participate. In most sports, the rate o