Exposure to nature has been shown to combat depression symptoms and promote positive thought. Researchers from Stanford University who were big into this idea thought that nature might reduce rumination, which is “a manipulative pattern of self-referential thought that is associated with heightened risk for depression and other mental illnesses.” 36 mentally-healthy "city-dwellers" were tested, Half of the subjects walked through grassland for 90 minutes. The other half of the subjects walked through a busy street. "The nature walkers showed decreases in rumination and in activity in their subgenual prefrontal cortices. The urban walkers showed no such improvements." The results seem to show that naturey environments prove to be better for the human psyche than more crowded and industrial landscapes.
Though there were flaws in this study (like the fact that only men were tested on) it still provided interesting results. The study showed that vegetarians may be low on vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids that are crucial to brain function. 9,700 British men were tested by the experimenters from the University of Bristol and the NIH. Of the 9,700 men, only 350 of them were polled to be vegetarian or vegan. These vegetarians and vegans were more likely to be depressed than their non-vegetarian and non-vegan counterparts. Even after the results were adjusted to see if there were any confounding variables, the trend was still present. Even with the positive health benefits to veganism or vegetarianism, the fatty acids, minerals and vitamins that are missed out on in these diets (along with some fatty acids that are consumed too much through these diets that have been linked to depression on their own) are still detrimental and should be made up for in some way through some kind of additional supplement, With all of this considered, this test was relatively small and was clearly biased in terms of gender. This is a starting point, but there's still more studying to be done to confirm correlation or causation.
This article details Robert Downey Jr.'s struggles with depression in 2000 as he had then recently checked himself into a mental hospital. This event wasn't the first time that Downey had been said to have struggled with depression. In fact, his earlier life was riddled with issues revolving around depression, sometimes getting so bad that Downey would resort to drugs and alcohol as a means to escape his woes temporarily. He'd even been put on suicide watch in the past. This example shows us that anyone, not just us common middle-class folk, can go through depression. Depression doesn't care about someone's characteristics.
The uploader asks a series of 8 yes-or-no questions to determine whether or not the viewer is depressed. The questions are as follows: 1. "Do you have little interest or pleasure in doing things?" 2. "Do you feel hopeless or down?" 3. "Do you have trouble getting to sleep or feel as if you're sleeping way too much/more than usual?" 4. "Do you have little energy or feel constantly tired?" 5. "Are you overeating or have poor appetite?" 6. "Do you feel like a failure or like you've let someone down?" 7. "Do you have trouble concentrating?" 8. "Have you had any harmful thoughts towards yourself?" The uploader's ranking system is as follows: -2 yes responses or less means that the tester is highly unlikely to be depressed -Between 2 and 4 yes responses hints at potential mild depression (nothing much to worry about here) -5 or more yes responses is high likelihood that the tester is very depressed
Depression is classified as a mood disorder that causes causes sadness and general loss of interest in life. Some stages of depression are more severe than others, with the most extreme example being clinical depression. Depression in most any stage can lead to some variation or emotional or even physical health issues. Most people who seek medication or other treatment for their depression end up improving. Major examples of symptoms include: - General feeling of sadness/emptiness - Anxiety - Suicidal thoughts - Trouble functioning physically and mentally - Unexplained health problems Causes include: -Hormones -inherited traits -brain chemistry -biological differences