The Indian Wars were exclusive to The Americas and are a unique affliction to her and to those who inhabit her lands. The effects of these wars and the negative sentiment felt by their ancestry can still be felt among a wide variety of the descendants of those people today. In study of the Indian Wars in school, the reader who has been tasked with the assessment , is not presented with different perspectives and different sources. Indigenous Americans have clashed in ideals and in warfare with the conquest of non indigenous peoples since the desire of abstract expansion under colonialism in the early 16th century and onwards. Among these enclaves and tribes, stood the Lakȟóta peoples of The Great Plains region of the United States who felt the hand of the closing blow on which ended the Indian Wars in the United States.. Seven tribes comprised the Lakȟóta- Ogala, Sicangu, Oohapenu, Itazipacola, Sihasapa, Hunkpapa, and the Miniconju. The later two, the Hunkpapa and the Miniconju, faced the direct consequence of American Expansionism in the form of a massacre, leaving a high casualty amongst their numbers. The events preceding the Wounded Knee massacre involve an obscured chain of events that are often left out in discussion of the massacre. The new hyper culture being felt by the natives was the result of the 1887 allotment act titled, “Dawes Act” and a widespread attention to the new religious revival movement ,The Ghost Dance. What are some facets of the religion? Chants containing verses that the white invaders would soon be absent and that Jesus Christ would return to earth as a Native American. What does this all mean? Would Jesus Christ really come down? Once more? It is not that far fetched but perhaps it serves as something to be taken in metaphor and the prophet who preached this, Wovoka, meant well. It was certainly a wild thought and the intricacies of the chants and dances stroke fear in the white settlers. While an attack among the native chiefs seemed out of place, a widespread hysteria among white settlers had kicked off ,dubbed: “Messiah Craze.” U.S officials needed to quell said hysteria amongst the Indian chiefs, disrupting the Indian bureaucracy and setting of a multitude of unfortunate events based off that would eventually lead to the massacre. Sources have argued whether the massacre was intentionally perpetuated or just lines of events that have coincided with being misfortunate. The act has now been recognized as an intentional act of killing and a terrible tragedy to the Lakotas. The act had cost the lives of hundreds of Hunkpapas and Miniconju native. Among the death toll laid the faces of children and women civilians. Death tolls are disputed amongst sources but at least 153 natives perished in the fight. In the years succeeding the massacre, the The United States government has expressed regret over the events that took place on the 29th of December, 1890. In 1990, a century after the Massacre, congress expressed a “deep regret”, in an apology, to the descendants of the Lakota Sioux. The plight of those native to the Americas has been glossed over briefly in secondary education in the United States yet when it does, it often fails to include the damage done to to the Lakota, the purpose of this Final Assessment is to compare the perspectives of different sources when analyzing the event and be able to draw more out of a subject with the newfound knowledge in an almost empathetic act of trying.
This feature article borrows the account from the “The Ghost-dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890, 14th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Part 2 (1896)]” PBS cites it for an article in which the importance of the first hand accounts is stressed in understanding the importance of different perspective especially to those who faced the direct persecution. This article is nifty because it takes a DIRECT source from those who faced persecution and it changed by one sided perspective previously held.
In this piece, the writer provides a summary of the events preceding the massacre and the need to not forget said action of cruelty committed by the United States Army. Halfway through the article the comparison between the U.S Army and Nazi soldiers is drawn with the image above. The opinion of the author of this archive has apathy towards what happened to their ancestors and does not condone the act and claims racist undertones.. Reflection: I agree with some of the sentiments felt by the author. The act was cruel and the natives were being used as useless pawn pieces perpetuated by the Government.
The novel delves into detail the events preceding the tragedy. The author, Dee Brown, speaks of the Hunkpapa and Miniconju and what had actually happened that day. The novel borrows its titled after an old poem and the events of the massacre. The novel is in depth and does not fall short of any details that shaped Native culture following the arrival of the white man to the Americas.
Indians are being put into a common grave by U.S soldiers. Reflection: This picture does not align with my VIEWS. The U.S Army was in the wrong and the Indians deserved a proper burial not a mass grave.
This piece is inspired by Pablo Picasso’s Guernica but the artist, Natchez, intertwines an Indian narrative to the piece by incorporating narrative art of the Great Plains to this piece. This piece serves as political commentary and draws the comparison of the Spanish and U.S Armies killing their own people out of political spite. Natchez draws parallels from the struggles of today of that at wounded knee which he views as a horrible tragedy to his cross communicated indian brothers. I like the colours Natchez uses and how incorporates the logos of modern corporations and how it sheds light in the companies desire to exploit the lands of the natives even to this day
This krautrock album borrows the name from the event that had appeared in a previous publication of a novel. A Lakota native appears on the album cover and the songs borrow heavily from native themes. The album uses elements of native folklore in its content that otherwise would be out of place in the krautrock music scene, perhaps the listener of the album would be interested to continue a search for what the title stands for and the musical content on the record.