Both the book “Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury and the article “Cell phones promote serious social, psychological issues” address the issue of propaganda being used to restrict individuals knowledge. In the novel, Granger describes society without books as “doing the same thing, over and over” without changing anything and those with knowledge from books as recognizing the “silly things”, the repeating mistakes and habits of society, and being capable of “stop[ping]” them (156). The government and firefighters in the book use propaganda to stop citizens from reading books. Because they aren’t reading, individuals in society aren’t being exposed to new ideas, their vocabularies are shrinking, and they don’t have as much access to new knowledge. Without having a ton of knowledge at their disposal, citizens aren’t as capable of fighting restricting society systems. Having knowledge increases individuality within society and without it society becomes less diverse because there is no one with the knowledge to make changes. Today, cell phones are the form of propaganda that restricts people’s knowledge. The article says that people “check their cell phones an average of 60 times a day” and it’s hurting “socialization” while increasing “non-gainful unintelligent chatter”. People are so hooked on the meaningless games and social media that the outside world becomes a blur. People are so focused on themselves and the now that they don’t take advantage of ways that will increase their knowledge in the future. They don’t pay attention in school and don’t have as frequent face-to-face interactions. This causes society to have reduced intelligence and less social skills and this could hurt people’s ability to identify the problems in the world and change them. Over time, this causes to society to become all the same with no individuality and if knowledge is restricted this makes people more susceptible to dictatorships and other oppressive governments. Knowledge spreads new ideas and shows society’s past mistakes. Without it, society’s won’t advance and people become stuck in a perpetual cycle of failure.