The Iroquois religion and tradition were full of myths to explain things like natural disasters or the evolution of humans. For example they believe that women fell from the sky and that is how they came into existent. They also had worships for there crops. They would have a cycle of 6 festivals for their production of crops. One other thing that was important to the men of the society was warfare. Through fighting there goal was to reach a sort of personal glory.
The iroquois liked the ideas of communal land and they believed strongly in warfare. Warfare was a big part of their lives and they encouraged it amongst the men. They would also take war prisoners as slaves so that they could have more help to accomplish tasks around the community. They were classified as a confederacy and that is why they believed in war so much.
The Powhatans had a rivalry with the Iroquois tribe. They had some warfare but not as much as Iroquois. They had a confederacy as well.
Powhatan men and women were both highly skilled at fashioning the tools they needed. The materials used to create these tools included wood, bone, shell, and stone. With local clays, Powhatan Women made pottery vessels for both cooking and storage. From deer hides they created mats that could cover houses and be used as clothing. They used the river to participate in an extensive trading network of luxury goods. Due to their agricultural tie,with the land, the Powhatans created semi-permanent towns. Young saplings were used to create the frame of the houses. The Powhatans used nature for everything they needed for survival.
Since the Iroquois were farmers, they grew potatoes and corn. They would use nature to make weapons, clothes, homes, transportation, food, and tools. The Iroquois were very creative people and would use all kinds of items from nature. ddd
The Iroquois society was organized by the following social groups: households were divisions of clans, several clans formed to create a moiety, and two moieties created a tribe. Men generally built houses, fished, hunted, and engaged in military activities. Groups of women produced maize, beans, squash, prepared all clothing, and many other residential goods. Warfare was a huge part of Iroquois society. For men, self-respect depended on how much personal glory was achieved during war endeavors.
The Powhatans lived in a ranked society consisting of rulers, great warriors, priests and commoners. Status was earned by either inheritance or achievement. Chiefs, the highest ranking members of the society, only earned their status through inheritance, and they were the ones who granted positions to other members of the society. Powhatans of higher status were able to afford privileges including larger homes, more elaborate clothing, more wives, meals and burial customs. Priests had a mass amount of power and political influence, even with the Chief himself. Priests performed duties in the temples, wore badges of distinction, and were even organized into a hierarchy of their own. The only women who possessed any authoritative power were the female Chiefs, called “Werowansquas.”
Each Iroquois village consisted of several hundred people. The iroquois lived in longhouses that were made of saplings and bark. Each longhouse could house many different families and typically would house many families. The iroquois men would build houses, fish, hunt, and participate in warfare. The iroquois women produced the crops that included corn, beans, squash. These women also gathered wild food and prepared all clothing. Similarly to other tribes, the Iroquois were Semi Sedentary agriculturalists and they palisaded their villages in times of need.
Crops the powhatan grew included Corn, Squash, Pumpkins, Beans, and Tobacco. The powhatans lived in Longhouses that were made with Birch bark that sometimes would house as many as 20 families. Villages generally were located along rivers and near fields. The powhatan women cultivated their crops in fields nearby their villages. The powhatan men hunted and participated in warfare. Tribes of the confederacy paid taxes to powhatan in the form of Food, Copper, Pearls, and Pelts. The powhatan Built heavy dugout canoes made from the from hollowed-out logs of large trees for transportation. Men wore traditional clothes from deerskin and Wore leggings and moccasins when hunting. Women would wear deerskin apron and Leggings and moccasins were worn in the field or gathering food in forest. Fur cloaks were worn in the winter by men and women. Tools they used included weapons such as Tomahawks and knives, Bow and Arrows, Spears, and War clubs.
Two of the major gods that the powhatan worshiped were Ahone, the creator and giver of good things, and Oke (Oke was the evil spirit). The community would offer goods to Oke as a way of trying to please him, these were things such as, tobacco, beads, fur and other food. There was also a strong belief in afterlife for powerful figures in the community, and when it came to worshiping there were two groups of priests, the higher ones focused more on tribal history and tradition/religious rituals while the lower class priests did more things such as fortunetelling.
They Actually had five different warring tribes who all spoke the same language. They also had small territorial conflicts up until the 1500’s. The Iroquois used a two-house legislature system, like the modern US, with two tribes represented in each house, and the fifth tribe having veto power over the other four. They had an unwritten constitution that controlled these proceedings and representatives from all of the tribes met in this system. The Iroquois were actually five different tribes who all spoke the same language. They used a two-house legislature system to represent all five of these tribes, with two tribes in each house and the fifth tribe having veto power. There was an unwritten constitution that was used to control these proceedings, ensuring that nobody abused their power. Representatives from each tribe were appointed to attend this congress.
The Powhatan tribe was actually comprised of a large group of around 30 villages, all of which reported to a powerful central chief, Powhatan. Each of these villages were represented by a government official known as a werowance, whose primary job was to collect tribute from his village. The variety of goods that were acquired through this tribute system were stored in large temples to be used by chiefs or given as gifts to travelers. Powhatan enforced his authority through public humiliation for harsh offences and beatings for minor ones. Scalping and death by torture was normally reserved from enemies of the tribe and trespassers.