Sometimes when the moon is orbiting Earth it moves in between the sun and Earth. Therefore, the moon is blocking the light of the sun from reaching Earth. This causes a solar eclipse. where the moon cast a shadow on Earth.
The next North American total solar eclipse is April 8, 2024.
Most calendars have two eclipses every year, but the most recorded eclipses in one year is five but this is rare. Solar eclipses on happen around the time of a new moon.
There are four different kinds of eclipses. There are Partial Eclipses, Annular Eclipses, Total Eclipses, and Hybrid Eclipses.
Northern Indiana will not see the full eclipse.
It is not dangerous to look at a total eclipse but it is dangerous to look at the smallest part of an eclipse for it can cause retinal damage.
Never look at the Eclipse without protective eye gear. You can hurt your eyes and could go blind, especially during a solar eclipse.
The moon is not the only object that can block out the sun and cause an eclipse. For example, the Apollo 12 astronauts observed Earth eclipsing the sun in 1969.