1. Solar eclipses happen when the New Moon moves between the Sun and Earth, blocking the Sun's rays and casting a shadow on Earth. The moons shadow isn't big enough to cover all of earth, so only some places receive a total eclipse. Because the earth and moon are in constant motion, it appears the eclipse is moving across the earth.
2. The next total solar eclipse in the US is April 8th, 2024. There is also a list of every solar eclipse until 2067, 50 years from now on this website.
3. "In the United States, the August 21, 2017 total solar eclipse is the first to cover the country in nearly a century. The last time a total solar eclipse occurred in the Lower 48 states was 1979, and that was only visible from a few states in the Pacific Northwest. This 2017 eclipse will cross the country from coast to coast. The next time a total solar eclipse will go from from coast to coast will be in 2045."
4. "There are four different types of solar eclipse, Partial eclipse, Annular eclipse, Total Eclipse, and Hybrid Eclipse. A partial solar eclipse occurs when only part of the Sun is covered by the Moon. An annular eclipse occurs when the Sun’s center is covered by the moon, leaving its edges left uncovered, making a ring of the Sun around its edges. A total solar eclipse takes place when the Sun becomes completely covered by the moon. The Hybrid eclipse is a fairly rare event. A hybrid is one which is seen as annular by observers in one part of the Earth, and at the same time, is seen as a total eclipse by others in another part of the Earth."
5. Yes, in the United States, totality will be visible through the states of Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana, a very small area of Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, northern Vermont , New Hampshire, and Maine in the year 2024.
6. Your eyes could be severely damaged. Also, you could go blind. Looking directly at the powerful brightness of the sun can cause damage to the retina, the light-sensitive part of the eye.
7. "The only safe way to look directly at the uneclipsed or partially eclipsed sun is through special-purpose solar filters, such as 'eclipse glasses' or hand-held solar viewers. Homemade filters or ordinary sunglasses, even very dark ones, are not safe for looking at the sun; they transmit thousands of times too much sunlight."
8. This song relates to the eclipse because it includes a line about the sun being eclipsed by the moon. It is an older rock song that used to be fairly popular.
9. I've always been interested in space, stars, galaxies, etc. so I think it is really cool that I get to experience one with my own eyes! (through a filter)