This website explains why we can't have a solar eclipse every month . It give factual information that at those times, it does not cross the line between the sun and the Earth, and when that happens, it does not create a solar eclipse.
This article explains that the energy from the sun, when we look with the naked eye, that it burns our retina like what a magnifying glass would do to paper.
There are four different types of solar eclipse, namely Partial eclipse, Annular eclipse, Total Eclipse and Hybrid Eclipse. All of the eclipses happen when the moon and sun align together to cast different shadows towards earth. This website gives detailed information the differences of each eclipse.
Eclipse observers were likely to experience a sudden drop in temperature during the period of "totality". I know that the sun creates heat here on Earth. So if the moon is covering the sun, that should mean that the sun's heat is also being blocked. So I was curious if it was in fact true, the Earth's temperature changed during the eclipse. This article answered it for me.
This blog explains how clear the Eclipse will appear across all the states. It will prepare us for the beautiful sight we get to experience.