The population in Uluru has grown exponentially since 1985 when the community was established. The average population growth in 1986 was roughly 140. The average number has increased to 385 in 2000 which is also a 12.5% growth rate. This is substantially high considering the normal rate is 3.1% for the wider Australian region. This article estimates that by the year 2021 there will be a population of 1,755, assuming that the population rises at a steady rate.
This article informs us of the use of land for farming and how the price, quality and seasonality of Australia’s food is increasingly being affected by climate change. It explains how climate change is highly likely to disrupt the food supply by extreme weather events, with farmers struggling to cope with more frequent and intense droughts and changing weather patterns. The article also says that heat waves and weather events are already affecting food prices in Australia. Although Uluru does not use its land for farming, use of fossil fuels near and around Uluru, using such devices as vehicles and generators can, even slightly, change the climate all around Australia.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park uses groundwater and surface water, usually sourced locally or supplied from the township of Yulara. 80 mega litres of groundwater is extracted from the southern aquifer, 220 mega litres less than the annual recharge (natural flow) of 300 mega litres. The township of Yulara extracts its groundwater from the Dun Plains aquifer. It is estimated that this aquifer holds between 38,500-90,000 mega litres, which 700 mega litres is extracted annually. Both of these water extractions are considered to be sustainable. This source is very useful and reliable, as it comes straight from Parks Australia, Australian Government (www.environment.gov.au).
This article talks about how the government is considering banning tourists from climbing Uluru because of how awful they treat it. These people are leaving their rubbish and even defecating at the top because ' There are no facilities.'About 150 submissions have been sent to the National Park on how the rock should be managed. The government is still prolonging the close to this popular tourist destination because 'Full closure of the rock is not the way to go.' There is also a risk of being killed on the climb because of how dangerous it is.