Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. Nelson Mandela was a nonviolence anti-apartheid activist, and politician. Mandela spent 27 years in prison for political offenses. but was released in 1990. In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. but later died in 2013
Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the civil rights movement and was a baptist minister and social activist. he made a speech that got famous called "i have a dream" he was known for the inspirational speeches that he gave. Martin Luther King played a huge role in ending segregation and rights to vote for African Americans. he died on April 4 1968 from a gun shot.
Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the non-violence independence movement in India against British rules. During his lifetime he studied law and organized boycotts against British institution in a non-violent way. When the British found out about it they were set to kill him, he was killed by a fanatic in 1948. he became known as "Mahatma" which means great soul.