Women that are in gangs typically have minor roles in the gang. The article mentions that females often join gangs for the same reasons men join gangs, because of “Culture, conflict, poverty, family, and school problems are all common factors influencing the formation or joining of gangs by females. “ it also mentions that in a survey taken only 3.7% of gangs are females. Women that join male gangs are often sexually or physically victimized by the other gang members. This article is credible because not only does it give good statics based on surveys but it mentions the roles females have in gangs.
This is an article written by Brandon McDermott, KVNO News, all about alex johnstons life in his gang. Alex wasn't to actually join his gang until he was 18, but he basically grew up on the street, started dealing drugs at the age of 12. Alex mentions in the article "I just didn't really see anything else for me. I saw maybe 10 more years of life, (and) I wanted to live it to the fullest, and that was the lifestyle I wanted to choose." i chose this quote because i felt it showed how he didn't really see another option for his life, that the streets was the only way he would live his life. But now johnstons is an inactive gang member an has a full time job. So it really does show that even if you grow up in a rough patch, make bad mistakes, you can still change your life around but only if you do something about it. I liked this article because it has a real life person telling his actual story and it has a happy ending.
The national gang center does a survey every year on the age ranges there are in gangs, mostly between juveniles and adults (18 and older)It also talks about how the ages are different in different types of cities. The graphs look about the same, as the one taken in 1999 in the box above, the data seems to be in the same ballpark as well. People in gangs often are 18 and older. In larger cities gangs are usually are most likely to be more adult gang members. But in small cities, more rural, juveniles are more likely to be kids under 18 in gangs. This website also mentions the percent of females that are in gangs, from years 1996-2010 females in gangs are under 10% across the board. The article mentions that “Nearly half of the gangs outside of the larger cities are reported to have female gang members, compared with approximately one in four in the larger cities.” but it doesn't give much background on why most females in gangs are located in the larger cities. The 2 articles are very similar in the aspect of data, but the newer one is obviously more reliable, the first article didn't mention anything about females in gangs so that extra info in the newer one was cool.
This article kinda looks sketchy from the first view but if you actually look and read it gives a lot of good info on the ages of people that are in gangs, it gives a lot of statistics and graphs regarding age in gangs. I don't really know who wrote this article but it says that 37% of people in gangs are ages 18-24, and 34% are 15-17 years of age. Which those numbers really draws you a picture on how young kids really are when their joining gangs when they could be playing sports or reading books. I just realized those statistics are from july 1999 so they definitely changed from now but i don't feel like starting this over, so you get the effect. Also another factor in ages of gang members are population sizes in the cites the gang is located in, the article mentions “Population size appears to be a significant correlate of the age of gang members.” so for example kids in gangs under the age of 15 in the midwest is 22%.
Since gang violence and gangs in general are becoming more common in a variety of different states. There are lots of articles that give ideas on how to prevent kids from joining gangs. One of the examples that the national institute of justice gives are “Strong families are a major protective factor in preventing kids from joining gangs” this example is not the greatest because you can't really control how strong your family is, because if you didn't have a close family when you grew up it'll be hard to just switch up like that when you start to get into sketchy things. A Lot of kids also can't control their families, and another sad point is, a lot of kids don't have actual mother and father figures in there lives so how are they supposed to have a strong family when they only have themselves. This article doesn't really give good examples on how to prevent kids from joining gangs, they also isn't a lot of info in general.
This article gives examples on different reasons why young people would join a gang. Some people do it for protection, so some may have gotten into problems with the wrong people, and might seek protection. Gangs are often tight knit and like a scary brotherhood in a way, so they all have each others backs, there supposed to protect each other. Some join to be known, and have street cred from civilians. It also says that “ Some join to intimidate others in the community not involved in gang activity.” so they want to have the upper hand compares to others in there community.
Gangs are responsible for 16% of homicides in the US. In the article, axelrod states that overall violence is slowing down, but for some weird reason gang violence is increasing. This article also talks about how long ago gangs started, they mention that “The entrenchment of gangs in larger areas is a trend that stretches back roughly 150 years, when European immigrants began overwhelming big cities in the search for jobs.” This helps the article because it gives an idea of how long gangs have really been around. The longer something is present, the more it starts to become normal for us because it's been around our whole lives.
In this article it mentions a bill about affordable housing. “allows companies to reduce their tax liabilities by investing in housing for some of the nation’s neediest families and individuals”. Most of the people who benefit from this are veterans, people with disabilities. The reason it's getting worse is because Donald Trump passed a bill that damages the federal tax credit program. The article mentions statistics on how many families spend their incomes on their housing. Indeed, one report from Harvard’s Joint Center for Housing Studies shows that about 11 million families, spend more than half of their incomes on housing. and that is what the is about to get worse in affordable housing, by passing the bill.