This is a short video that explains the social structure of Egypt. Pharaoh was at the top. He was considered to be descended from the gods. Priests and nobles were below the pharaoh. Then came scribes, artisans, and merchants. Farmers and herders would have been next and the largest class. At the bottom were unskilled workers and slaves.
This website is short but concise. It does well with explaining that Egypt relied on trade for its economy. Grain was their major source of trade. They also grew other items; however, grain was the staple crop. It also showed a good map which explains the location of Egypt.
This website has more than just government facts. It does list some of the great pharaohs which are essential to know, especially Ramses II. It also mentions the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom where they were the strongest. It neglects to mention that the Middle Kingdom was the Golden Age for Egypt where many things happened with the arts and humanities. The Old Kingdom was where there were many of the pyramids built for the pharaohs. The New Kingdom acquired the most slaves due to expansion of Egypt by conquest.
This website list many of the achievements of ancient Egyptians. The calendar which had 365 days minus the leap year. The obelisk which is a stone monument that other civilizations have borrowed including one in Washington D.C. Medicine is an ancient Egyptian specialty that arose due to all of the embalming and preparing pharaohs for the afterlife. There is a list that students can click on to see other inventions.
This website does a good job of concisely explaining about the religion of Egypt. It lists some of their major gods. It talks about mummification and embalming practices. The website also explains the role of the pharaoh. A ten question quiz can help test your knowledge to see if you understand the role of religion in ancient Egypt.
Egypt's Geography offered a lot of protections. The Eastern and Western (Sahara) Deserts protected them from outside invaders. The cataracts to the South and the delta to the North are part of the Nile River and also offered protection. The delta was marshy and didn't allow ships to pass. The cataracts are rapids or waterfalls that also didn't allow for attacks by water. This offered a lot of natural protection for the Egyptian civilization.