Shoichet explain that DACA, otherwise known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, is program that protects an undocumented immigrants who were brought to the United States as children, a group often described as Dreamers. According to Shoichet, about 690,000 young adults are currently protected under the DACA program. Trump wants to cut off the DACA Program, but not before his administration and congress re-evaluate the situation. CNN states" if Congress doesn't act, starting March 6, as many as 983 undocumented people could lose their protected status every day." This correlates with Grapes of Wrath because many migrants from Oklahoma and other states were denied access to California because they feared the migrants would disrupt their way of life. People in California treated the migrants horribly-- calling them Okies, dirty people with no morals and nothing to live for. These images bring a tear to my eye because the same things we see today are things that happened years ago and yet we are still not learning from our mistakes as a country based on "freedom and equality"
According to Britannica, Works Progress Administration, WPA, is a work program for the unemployed that was created in 1935 under U.S. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. The program was established to provide useful work for millions of victims of the Great Depression. The WPA put some 8.5 million people to work (over 11 million were unemployed in 1934). The WPA also sponsored the National Youth Administration, which sought part-time jobs for young people. Britannica editors states that " In 1939, increasing charges of mismanagement and of abuse of the program by workers led to a reduction in appropriations, and a strike by construction workers against wage cuts was unsuccessful. In 1943, with the virtual elimination of unemployment by a wartime economy, the WPA was terminated." This correlates with Grapes of Wrath due to the "JOBS" that were supposedly in California and how good the living would be. People were drawn in by the pamphlets given out all over the world promising jobs for all when really there weren't enough for anyone. They were treated harshly and some decided to riot or strike against the tyranny of the Government, which is in the same era as the WPA Programs.
Smithsonian American Art Museum informs us, the reader, that due to the damaging environmental effects of the dust storms not only dried up the land, but it had also dried up jobs and the economy. The drought cause a "cessation" of agricultural production, leading to less income for farmers. Many farmers lost their land in bank foreclosures. According to Smithsonian," the survival of their families at stake, these Okies faced a difficult decision – stay on their land in the hopes that the drought would end, or leave in search of more fertile land with plentiful job opportunities." Thousands of people decided to migrate to California, which had earned a reputation as a land where fortunes were made and opportunities were abundant. The mass of migrants that arrived in California did not receive a warm welcome from the state of California, which was already overwhelmed by the amount on people on the state’s relief roll. They were met at the state border by patrolmen who told them to turn back – that there was not enough work for them in California. People that did make to California were treated with harshness and treated as if they weren't even human. ( referred to as the term “Okie” originally had the derogatory connotation of “poor, white trash.”) This correlates with Grapes of Wrath because it is what the whole book is about-- the migration of families, like the Joad's, moving to gain a better life, but it wasn't as good as they thought.
McKenzie informs CNN News that Cape Town finally received rain after a 3-year drought. Residents were overwhelmed with joy as the first rain since January 22 fell upon Cape Town and its surrounding areas. According to McKenzie, "they collected water in buckets and tanks, with plans to use it for everything from washing clothes and dishes to flushing toilets." Unfortunately, the rain fall is not likely to significantly boost their largest reservoir, Theewaterskloof Dam, levels which are dangerously low. McKenzie states that "since February 1, residents have seen their water usage downsized from 87 to 50 liters a day -- or a little over 13 gallons. A resident of Cape Town said "We are not allowed to have baths. We are allowed to have showers, though not every day. We have stocked up [on] bottled water, hand sanitizers and wet wipes.You literally feel guilty when flushing." Cape Town is still in threat of Day Zero, but the little rain gives them hope that there will be more. This article somewhat correlates with Grapes of Wrath because of the hope in the beginning of rain eventually fall on the desolate land the Oklahoma people once called home. Towards the end of the book, they finally got a heavy rain, but it ruined the crops they were harvesting for money in California. For the Joad's, the rain was a sign of hope that they may eventually go home and live better there than they ever did in California.
According to Zeeshan Aleem, the South African megacity has been struck by a historic 3-year drought, and now it’s running out of water. Cape Town's water conservation rates ( 3-years prior) were exceptional-- even winning a prestigious international award for its water conservation policies, which includes stopping leaks in pipes(account for between 30 and 40 percent of a city’s lost water). Cape Town received more than 99% of its water supply from winter and spring rainfall which were collected in a huge dam in Cape Town. The drought slowly diminished the water supply collected in the dam which is, according to Sleem, to about quarter capacity. Day Zero is said to occur in Cape Town only when the water supply in the dam drops to 13.5%, which is estimated to be July 2018. Until then portion control is being set on water supply, until rain hopefully comes in the winter months. This correlates with Grapes of Wrath directly as it speaks of the droughts in Oklahoma and other states around it. Many people couldn't grow crops to sell so that they could feed their families, or have water themselves to drink. the people of those times prayed, hoped and wished for it to rain and cure the drought that plagued the land they eventually were forced off of. Throughout the novel, we see images of people who have been affected by drought and how it can really strip you of things you didn't know you needed until it was gone.
Jessica Yarvin explains that after the Trumps rise to presidency, socialist organizations across the country experienced a surge in popularity of their own, driven in part by Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders’ outsider campaign last year. The Democratic Socialists Party has more than doubled since Sander's launched his campaign. According to Yarvin, "the last time the Democratic Socialists of America saw such growth was in the early 1980s. Many people feel like they have to fight back." With the Congress mostly being controlled by Republicans and the Democratic losing the election, insiders are struggling to figure out how socialist groups will fit into the Democratic Party. This correlates to Grapes of Wrath because during this time, the socialist party was still around, but not heavily talked bout. Most of the values supported by socialist are those that help people in situations such as the Joads.
According to David Shukman, Oklahoma is facing a drought that raises the spectre of a return to the dust bowl conditions of the 1930s. A local women says, "Somebody asked me the other day if dust storms would happen again and I said 'they already have' - we've had some pretty good dust storms this spring," she said. Across many parts of the state, the drought is acknowledged to have started three-and-a-half years ago with between 30-50 inches less rainfall than on average over that time. This correlates to Grapes of Wrath Because this is what caused the whole ordeal with the Okies Migrating west, which is the plot of the book.
Miller informs us, the reader, that sea level rise is happening now, and the rate at which it is rising is increasing every year. According to Researchers, led by University of Colorado-Boulder professor of aerospace engineering sciences Steve Nerem, "they observed a total rise in the ocean of 7 centimeters (2.8 inches) in 25 years of data, which aligns with the generally accepted current rate of sea level rise of about 3 millimeters (0.1 inches) per year." Meteorologist and scientist thick that this is a result of climate change. Miller states that "the continuous emissions of greenhouse gases are warming the Earth's atmosphere and oceans and melting its ice, causing the rate of sea level rise to increase." These allegations are heavily researched in order to inform the public of the effects the are producing. This correlates to Grapes of Wrath because climate change and drought was the cause of the droughts and the Dust Bowl during the 1930s. this lead to the creation of this book.
Samenow stated that the US drought coverage has dropped from 30% to 6% due to the abundant winter and spring rains. Samenow also stated that California( where the drought is commonly known to be) drought rate that cover 84% of the state has plunged to 8% due to the storms and snow that ravished the West Coast during the winter months. Other drought-plagued areas such as Georgia, Alabama, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Virginia, etc., have also dropped in percentages. Though America is having this current relief of drought, Samenow states that the summer brings faster evaporation rates and rapidly dries out the land surface so that in the absence of storms, drought conditions develop and spread more quickly. this article has gave me some knowledge that I haven't really thought of. I thought that California was the only on that was heavily drought-stricken; turns out a lot of places have drought in the United States that are worst than California(Florida). This really open my eyes up to the big picture of drought in America. This correlates to the last few chapter of Grapes of Wrath, where we see heavy amounts of rain and floods come about. This rain ended the drought for a little while and left the people wondering also how it was going to be once that rain is gone(just like the drought-stricken states then and now).