This article talks about the Work Progress Administration. The Works Progress, also called Works Projects Administration was established in 1939, during the Great Depression. It was created under President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. It’s purpose was to provide work for victims of the Great Depression. During the eighth year existence the program had provided 8.5 million with jobs.From this article I can infer that the author believes that this program was very beneficial and brought us one step further to being out of the depression. This directly correlates to the Grapes of Wrath because there were millions in search of work but couldn't find any. This novel was also written during the Great Depression.
Amadeo article talks about the uneven distribution of wealth. One-quarter of American workers make less than $10 per hour, which creates an income below the federal poverty level. In 2005 the top 1% of workers earned more in income than the bottom 40% of workers. The number of Americans in poverty increased 15% between 2000-2006. By 2006, nearly 33 million workers earned less than $10 dollars per hour. Most low-wage workers receive no health insurance, sick days or pension plans from their employers which means they can’t get sick and have no hope of retiring. Corporations are often blamed for putting profits ahead of workers. For example, Wal-mart decreased employee pay and benefits, which caused competitors to do the same in order to provide the same low prices. Those in the top 5th of the U.S. bracket must realize that those in the bottom two-fifths cannot suffer alone. From Amadeo's article I glean that she believes that America needs to address this issue and realize that this is global. This article directly correlates to the Grapes of Wrath because families were paid low wages and there were millions of people living in poverty. The rich were becoming richer and the poor remained poor.
Heidecker's article talks about labor unions. Unions are designed to help to increase wages, raise the standard conditions, and to increase benefits for both workers and their families. Unions will always play a great role in our country’s workforce. There has been a decline in union memberships since 1910. Their decline is due to many workers believing that the union has become part of the problem rather than the solution. Many believe that in bad times, the union can’t protect workers from getting fired and loss of benefits. The union also has a bad reputation for being corrupt. As a result, many workers have started turning to the government for protection of their healthcare benefits and pension. If the union does not figure out a way to get more members, it will no longer exist. From this article I can infer that the author feels strongly about this topic and wants others to know about it as well. This article directly correlated to the Grapes of Wrath because the families needed to have labor unions at that time, so they would be paid higher wages, but it wouldn't really be of much use if the labor unions didn't protect workers from being fired.
Liberto's article talks about the worsening of droughts in the United States. The drought currently has affected a great percentage of our country. Currently, the hardest hit areas. Drought conditions have disappeared in the east. States such as Texas and Oklahoma are in an extreme drought. The drought has worsen due to the fact that very few states participate in water restriction. From this article I can infer that the author feels it is important for readers to know about the drought. This article directly correlates to the Grapes of Wrath because one of the reasons the Joad family had to move was because of the drought; the drought eventually caused the Dust Bowl.
The article talks about the hardship Chinese immigrants went through. The Chinese came to America in hopes of achieving instant wealth. Rumors spread that there was gold in the mountains of California; unfortunately, when the Chinese arrived it was not what they expected. Work was scarce and they sometimes found it difficult to earn enough money to eat. The Chinese soon realized they didn’t have enough money to send to their families nor get back home. In order to find work that didn’t require many skills, the chinese began working on railroads. They worked in harsh conditions and were paid very low wages. Once the rail construction was completed chinese immigrants had to find work elsewhere. Eventually, they began creating their own businesses. During their first few decades in America they endured an epidemic of racial attacks. Eventually laws were passed which kept the Chinese oppressed. After some time, Chinese immigrants began building their old communities where they felt safe, welcomed and were able to take care of each. From this article I can infer that the speaker sympathetic towards this topic and is devastated that this happened. The author also wants people to know what happened in history. This article directly correlates to the Grapes of Wrath because hundreds of thousands of people moved to California in search of jobs; when they arrived it was hard finding work and they were payed very low wages. Families were treated harshly and unfairly by farm owners. Families created camps where they felt safe as well.
Ganzel's article speaks about the treatment and difficulties migrants faced during the Dust Bowl. Farmers were forced off their land; some farmers bought tractors in order to provide for their families, which meant that they bought out their neighbors. Thousands of farmers decided to head to the west coast because they received handbills stating there was a plethora of work picking fruit. Eventually, California became overpopulated and police were sent to control the population. Migrants were treated poorly and insulted with names, such as , Okies. It became extremely difficult for them to find work and provide for their families. Many died from starvation or illnesses. From Ganzel's article I gather that he is sympathetic and disconcerted toward the issues the Okies experienced. This article directly correlates to The Grapes of Wrath because in the novel, the general chapters discussed the poor treatment migrants received and how much they suffered.
Han's article talks about Singapore workers struggling to get paid. Men are doing whatever they need to do to get a meal and provide for their families. Due to the fact that Singapore doesn't have a minimum wage, workers are underpaid. Workers are promised to get paid a certain amount; when they arrive they aren't even making enough to provide for themselves, not to mention their families. Sometimes workers go a full month without being paid fully and some don't get paid at all. Some employers have been prosecuted for not paying wages but not many; some are proven guilty but still aren't convicted. This only makes the employers feel they are above the law and workers angrier. A worker and his friends decides to complain but others are afraid because their work permits could be terminated. Migrant workers generally have pay recruitment fees that can range from $3,000 - $15,000 to even get a job in Singapore. Some workers have to sell their belonging to pay these fees, which is why the workers must make money once they arrive in the city. Therefore, workers will go underpaid than not being paid at all. From Han's article I can convey that she believes this is an issue that needs to be stopped and people should be treated fairly in the the workforce. This article directly correlate to the Grapes of Wrath because in the novel, the Joad family had to sell their belongings in order to pay for their traveling expenses; the families accept the low wages because they are starving and need to provide for themselves. Farm owners tell the people that they will get paid five cents and when the get there they're paid two and a half.
Gregory's article describes the hash living conditions migrants encountered. Hooverville was a popular name for shacktowns and homeless encampments during the Great Depression. The term "Hooverville", was named after Herbert Hoover, responsible for this catastrophe during the Great Depression. Seattle's Hooverville was on of the largest and long-lasting in the world. People lost their jobs, which caused them to lose their homes; some families moved in with other family members but others lived under bridges, in culverts, or on vacant public land where they built shacks. Many times authorities would destroy the camps after people complained. Seattle police burned down the early Hoovervilles twice, but each time the migrants rebuilt. From Gregory's article I glean that he is grateful to have the opportunity to write about this topic and has the information he needs to correctly inform other about the "Hoovervilles." This article is parallel to the Grapes of Wrath because in the novel, the Joad family lives in "Hooverville," along with thousands of other migrants. The article talks about officers burning down the camps, which correlates to the officers burning the camp the Joad family had just left after being warned and camps being created with their own officials keeping order.