The Oral Interview by Gan, Charlie Hock Hye talks about how he listened to the radio secretly at his house and his friend house back and forth, changing places frequently as a feeling of safety. He also only listens to radio in small group as the radio is small and the radio is not that clear either. He got news from mostly All-India Radio and also the London BBC. Some news about naval battle. However he never spread them around as its dangerous to. This source shows me that they listen to radios during their leisure time. They also discussed about news from the radio. However, they do not spread the news they listened to as its dangerous, as he said. They listened to radio among small groups of around three and not during all nights as it might be traced by the Japanese. In conclusion, this source shows me that they listened to radio secretly although they are probably not allowed to. Also, they listened during their leisure time as the news sustained them and build up their hope. Sustained them going from day to day and keeping them going, cheerful.
This BiblioAsia volume 12 issue 1 tells me about the three amusement park in Singapore built between the 1920s and 1930s during the pre-television era. They are the New World, Great World and Gay World, also called as Happy World. It also says that it is even open and was visited by the Europeans, Eurasians, Chinese, Malay, Indians, the rest of the racial conglomeration of Singapore and even the Japanese. This source shows that the people in Singapore can still visit the amusement park in Singapore even during the Japanese Occupation. The Japanese also visited the amusement park. It shows that although the people in Singapore is being governed by the Japanese, they still could visit and have fun at the amusement park, take a spin at the Ferris wheel, carousel, ghost train and more. The amusement is also still open and available during the Japanese Occupation. There is also Getai which is believed to have been originated during the Japanese Occupation. In conclusion, all these leisure activities is still available for the people in Singapore to enjoy.
This source is an oral transcript, from an interview with Mr. George Edwin, who was a teenager during the Japanese Occupation. The transcript is about Mr. Edwin's school experiences, in that period of time. I chose this source as the interview provides information on how the Japanese Occupation affected his life deeply. It also mentions how the Japanese Occupation changed his attitude and the changes in his character during the war as compared to before the Japanese Occupation. The transcript tells me that he had to return to school as a slightly over-aged person, as there were some problems his family faced which did not allow him to go to work earlier. The transcript also tells me about how the war developed Mr. Edwin into becoming more matured and he developed a greater appreciation for essential items such as food, water, and clothing. The Japanese teachers were also described to have a friendly attitude and were very closely bonded with the students. Together with the teachers' enthusiasm in teaching and his interest to study harder, Mr. Edwin wanted to excel in his studies. One could say that the war changed him in a positive aspect.
This is a video based source, which shows the social changes during the Japanese Occupation, mainly emphasizing on education. The video shows that much importance and priority was given to Japanese, now that they were the new rulers. In schools, only the Japanese language was taught and all students regardless of their race had to learn, write and speak in Japanese. P.V. Lingham, an occupation witness in the video, shared that the students had to follow a fixed routine every day. The students were supposed to assemble in the field, and sing Kimigayo, the Japanese national anthem every morning. The students also had to go through morning exercises and carry out a drill, called 'Radio Taiso'. Through this video, I understand that the Japanese have been carrying out propaganda. Due to the Japanese Occupation, normal school life routine was changed. The Japanese got the students to adapt themselves to follow their culture and traditions, by learning the Japanese language, carrying out physical exercises and singing the Japanese national anthem. Thus during the Japanese Occupation, the students went through a big change where they learned a new culture and followed a new system. The Japanese wanted the students to acquire the Japanese spirit, be disciplined and also be faithful and loyal to the Emperor so that they would not change their minds or be influenced by another culture.
This is a pictorial source which shows 3 teenage boys starving until their ribcages could be seen, with a serious and concerned look on their faces. I chose this source as it shows the extent of hunger the teens and adults have to bear with. With the lack of nutrition and wearable clothes, it leaves people with undaunting doubt and caused many to become deprived and prone to illnesses that could very much kill them. Thus, it shows that people had to live their lives in vain, fear and worry, never knowing what will happen to them or when their next meal would be.
This is a pictorial source taken during the Japanese Occupation, featuring a father and a daughter having a simple meal of porridge and nuts in a destroyed house. I chose this source as it shows how devastating it was for teens and families to have suddenly switch to limited resources during the Japanese Occupation. It is really sad that the teenage girl and her aged father had to live in a broken down house, devastating environment, and had to wear dirty and ragged clothes. This shows that the Japanese Occupation did bring a lot of physical and mental suffering to people.