Before John Hyrcanus officiated as Israel’s High Priest the people had it as a practice to do manual work on the intermediate days of the Jewish holidays, and one could hear in Jerusalem the hammer pounding against the anvil. The High Priest passed an edict restricting such labours on those days, thinking it inappropriate to do servile work on the Hol ha-Moed, until after the Feast. It had also been a custom in Israel, since the days that the Hasmoneans defeated the Grecians who prevented them from mentioning the name of God in heaven, to inscribe the name of God in their ordinary contracts, bills of sale and promissory notes. They would write, for example, "In the year such and such of Yohanan, the High Priest of the Most High God." But when the Sages of Israel became sensible of the fact that such ordinary contracts were often discarded in the rubbish after reimbursement, it was deemed improper to show disrespect to God's name by doing so. On the 3rd day of the lunar month Tishri, the practice of writing God's name in ordinary contracts was cancelled altogether, while the date of such cancellation was declared a day of rejoicing, and inscribed in the Scroll of Fasting.
Hasmonean Dynasty Jews wanted Greeks to be like them. Jewish people rebelled in 166 BCE. led by Judah the Maccabee. Jews were successful in military, going against Greek rule. Jews returned to Jerusalem and this sparked the period of Hasmonean rule. Jews expanded the physical boundaries of the land. The Hasmonean era ended with the ruling of the Roman emperor, Herod the Great in 37 BCE. The Hasmonean Dynasty left a very significant legacy.
Hasmonean dynasty 141-38 BC Salome Alexandra 141-68 BC Alexander jannaeus 126-77 BC Matthias Curtus 77 - present Siege of Jerusalem 63 BC Siege of Jerusalem 37 BC
Aristobulus was the first Hasmonean to actually crown himself king. He expanded the territory of Judea to Galilee and Golan, but he died of illness in 103 BCE Alexander Jannaeus began to expand Judea, conquering the important city of Acre, and then Gaza in 94 BCE. He was very successful on the battlefield and had his Hellenic ways. He poured water on his feet at the Sukkot Holiday Festival, and was supposed to pour it on the statue for tradition, but then he was pelted by the crowd with etrogim.