This source is a book written by Ruby Mosbergen, who was a teenager during the Japanese Occupation. It describes the trauma he faced throughout the war and his relationship with the Japanese during that point of time. Through this source, I can infer that the teenagers in Singapore had tensed and fragile relationships with the Japanese during the war. Ruby Mosbergen, a teenager during the Japanese Occupation, shares his experiences when he came into contact with Sakamoto San, a burly Japanese civil engineer. He spoke some English and took great delight in socializing with the locals during the occupation. However, Ruby witnessed on one occasion Sakamoto San suddenly throwing a rage at one of his friends, Gerry. When Gerry carelessly teased Sakamoto San in the midst of talking to him, he took it as a racial slur and left Gerry badly bruised. From then, Ruby held a negative opinion towards Sakamoto San. Ruby added, "The clash was over Gerry's teasing remark that his hair was nice and wavy whereas Sakamoto's was stiff and bristly. The crew-cut Japanese may have regarded that remark as a racial slur which galvanized him into taking retaliatory action. nevertheless, we did not see Sakamoto under the bunga tanjong tree after that incident probably because he was on overseas duty, or whatever. He was not missed by us anyway." This evidently shows that the local teenagers in Singapore had tensed and rigid relationships with the Japanese in those days. They could never anticipate what would happen next as the demeanour of a Japanese could change unexpectedly when he hears something which he dislikes. Many teenagers in those days developed a dislike for the Japanese and did not have good relationships with them.
This is an article about the Japanese community in Singapore during the pre-war era and their relationships with the other ethnic groups before World War II. Through this source, I can infer that the teenagers in Singapore had pleasant relationships with the Japanese during the pre-war stage. The source states, "Around mid-1930s, the Japanese population in Singapore had swelled to several thousand, with roughly the same number in Malaya... A contrary account was given by Mr Othman Wok, former Singapore Minister for Social Affairs, who observed, in “The Bamboo Fortress” by H. Sidhu, that: '… There were also Japanese fishermen living in Siglap side by side with the Malays… When I was a boy of ten, I used to play in the village with the Japanese children. Their community was fluent in Malay and they were very friendly people…' " From this evidence, one can observe that youths such as Mr Othman Wok lived peaceably with the Japanese children. They found their company meaningful and enjoyed their sociability and neighbourliness. Thus, we can observe that the youths in Singapore held favorable relationships with the Japanese before the Japanese Occupation.
This is an oral history interview with Lee Kip Lin who was a teenager during the Japanese occupation. It tells us the various relationships he possessed with others and the fears of betrayal of friendship he underwent at that point of time. Through this source, I can infer that friendships during the time of war were filled with distrust and suspect. The source describes Kip Lin's plight as he fears that his friend, Fook Sian, who owns an illegal radio set, is captured by the Japanese. When this happens, Kip Lin faces risk of being implicated by his Fook Sian as he was one of the people Fook Sian shared pieces of news from the radio to. This evidently shows the sense of suspicion and fears of betrayals during the war as the Japanese used extreme measures to force information out of their captives. Relationships during that time was clearly estranged.
This source is from Former Ford Factory Singapore. It describes the experiences Chin Sin Chong, who was 13 years old when the Japanese captured Singapore in June 1942, faced as he worked for the Japanese. Through this source, I can infer that some of the teenagers during the war had good relationships with the Japanese. The source states, "Later, Chin found employment at the labour office of 15848 butai (semi-military work or supply unit). His own experiences of working for Mr Udawa and at the butai was that the Japanese treated their younger local colleagues like family." This evidently shows that the Japanese treated Chin Sin Chong well and welcomed him warmly. The relationship some teenagers had with the Japanese were positive and they received desirable treatment from them.