After the Civil War, the south rejoined the Union. There was an argument of whether or not to let the Confederates rejoin the Union without punishment. While the argument went on, different ideas as to what should happen took place. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson both had there own ideas, but Andrew Jackson's were the ones that eventually went through. Both plans entailed letting the south back into the Union without much punishment, just a few small requirements. Lincolns, however, had more requirements and practically ended slavery all together. The only real punishment the Southerners had was Federalists that were stationed in the south to make sure laws were abided. Other than that, the Union eventually welcomed the south back in and even aided the recovery of the economy of the south, by making roads and getting farms running again.
There were two parts to the southern reconstruction. The first part lasted twelve years and it was when the state and society worked to recover. The starting recovery brought many arguments on whether or not the south should be punished. The military had to get involved to settle both sides of the argument, and protect both races in the voting argument. Jackson's plan of Reconstruction started first getting supported when the military took over some Confederate states. In 1867 the voting in Congress changed and Johnson's plan was overridden. A more forceful reconstruction plan was forced on the south. Some good effects of the reconstruction plan was public schools being built, charity institutions being opened, and the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments.
After the Civil War, the land in the south was in complete ruins. On top of that, by the time planting season came around for farming, almost no one was ready. Many weren't ready to start planting because their land or crops were lost. To solve this solution, sharecropping and tenant farming became a thing. While these solutions did help solve the farming crisis and it let people make crops again, it also put white land owning men back on top of the society scale. People who didn't own land and who didn't have a lot of money under the handle of the white men again. Sharecropping and tenant farming produced conditions similar to slavery. Another attempt the south had to rebuild itself was with people called "Redeemers". Redeemers were white southerners who tried to get back their political positions. They felt they had to overrule the northerners and African Americans who got new spots in the southern governments. The south's recovery put white rich men back on top of everyone. They ended up controlling the recovery of the politics and economy, even as the reconstruction was going on. While the plan for the reconstruction was to help the slaves recover from slavery, they ended up staying in the same positions they were in because the white men controlled the reconstruction of the south.
This is a photo of the radical members of the first legislature after the war, in South Carolina. If you zoom in on the picture, you can see that all of the people in the picture are men, implying that after the Civil War, women still didn't get any power or influence. However, if you zoom in you can also see that the men are both African American and white. This shows how the results of the Civil War did free some slaves, and it gave African Americans more opportunities. However, while some of the members of the legislature are African American, a majority of the men are white. This shows how easy it was for the white men to overpower the African Americans when the south outvoted Jackson's plan and set on a more forceful path of reconstruction.
This is a photo about the reconstruction of the south. If you look at this photo, you will see white men, all standing, while there are African American children and people down in the dirt, with tools. This symbolizes how the white men thought the best way for reconstruction was if they were powerful and they were in charge, while the African Americans were where they belong, in the dirt, working as slaves. This picture also shows a white man standing on a cart, with a flag and an American Eagle behind him, holding a sign that says 2,000,000 for education. On top of that, the slaves are looking up to the man, with their hands up. Women are standing underneath the cart, doing nothing. Other white men are standing all over, raising tools, watching the man or the slaves, and just standing doing nothing. This connects to the thought process of the men: that African Americans should be working as slaves while the white men run the government and the reconstruction.