There are an average of twelve girls rescued at the Nepal-India border everyday, if you do the math that means annually there are 21,900 girls rescued each year. These are just the girls who are noticed so imagine how many more there are that slip through the cracks and are trafficked into India every year. Because of human trafficking there are villages in Nepal that have little to no girls within the area because by the time they are eleven or twelve they have all been sold off by their parents or taken a job to help their family but unknowingly sold themselves off. Before they have even crossed the border these girls have been assigned a monetary value based on age, beauty, and virginity among other factors and handed off to their next abuser. Often times the traffickers pose as the girls husbands or uncles and the girls don't normally protest when asked if this information is true so they get away with it. After the weeks, months, years of torture, when these girls are rescued or happen to escape they are met with vile backlash from their communities. Because they are no longer virgins and their bodies have tortured and beaten in such ways that they aren't desirable when they return home. Therefore making them valueless in the eyes of some men and some families who were relying on some sort of dowry or price when the girl would normally by married off. Women are coming home after surviving this horrible experience only to find out their families wished they had died or never wanted to see them again, driving them to run away or even commit suicide. Looking through a legal lens there are obvious amendments that need to be made to India's legal system to help these girls escape their traffickers and get back on their feet. Firstly, there should be increased border patrols and testing to filter out the traffickers and their victims as best as possible. Then there should also be some sort of plan to help victims once they are free, like halfway houses or shelters that are also made available to these women if they find that there are not wanted at home. In addition there should also be a program created, nationwide, to help these women learn skills to put them in the work force so that they can provide for themselves should they be turned away from their homes.
"There are some 860,000 female sex workers in India. Most are victims of trafficking, and tens of thousands are children." These are some of the first words of this video, which then goes on to describe why and how some of these situations are surfacing in India. Often times a young girl from an impoverished village is offered a job in Delhi, most times as a maid or some sort of domestic service, but then there are sold to a brothel on GB road, an infamous stretch of brothels. Once there they are dressed up in saris and made to look older, then they are raped a number of times every day, beaten if they protest or ask questions, and usually contracts diseases or STD's like HIV. Most of the politicians in this country are men who are misogynistic, elitist, and casteist, often ignoring the voices of women from lower castes. Meanwhile young girls are being sold into this slavery everyday for the price of 20,000 - 30,000 rupees ($200 - $400 American dollars). Aradhana Singh, head of the anti-trafficking unit in Jharkand state, has been heading some of the efforts with the creation of this task force. In less than two years she has arrested over seventy traffickers, saved two hundred fifty girls, some of them have been missing for five or ten years even. It's people like Singh who are speaking up for these women and, more importantly, acting out for these women which are creating a difference and hopefully beginning to influence the right people to get things done for the victims. Looking through the legal lens, this video displays the efforts that are being made within the law enforcement to help save these women, even though it seems they don't receive much help and even when a trafficker is arrested his sentence doesn't seem to carry a heavy enough weight for the emotional, physical, and mental scarring they have put countless women through.
In this video Dr. Sunitha Krishnan explains to her audience, at TEDIndia, that human trafficking is not just a problem for the girls who deal with these traumatizing events, but the issue is with society and how we treat the victims. Krishnan has worked to help free women who have been trapped in the world of human trafficking since she was sixteen, when she herself was beaten and gang raped. This is not an easy topic for many people to talk about, they find it uncomfortable or 'not decent' and therein lies part of the problem. People are not talking about the issue, thus leaving the women and children who have been trapped hidden in the shadows of our humanitarian efforts or political discussions. During her talk Dr. Krishnan challenged this by saying, "it is not nice to bring them to our homes, it's not nice to give them employment in our factories, it's not nice for our children to learn with their children. There it ends. That's my biggest challenge." This video looks at the issue of human trafficking, specifically in India, through a legal lens as well as a social lens. The legal lens is what is being focus on in this project but this video also sheds a light on the social lens through the criticism of the polarization of victims. Through the legal lens Krishnan shows her audience that India is lacking in laws and the law enforcement that is going to save these trafficked girls from this horrific practice. Krishnan has been working tirelessly for almost all of her life to help victims of trafficking but the legislation that is currently enacted in India does little to help her when the law enforcement can be so lacking. Police officers are being paid to look the other way, border patrol does not always catch the older man pulling a twelve year old girl along, and sometimes these criminals manage to make themselves untouchable.