Rosa Parks (1913-2005) was an activist in the Civil Rights Movement and is best known for her refusal to give up her seat on the bus for a white passenger on December 1, 1955. However, this moment was
In the 1964 presidential election, Republican candidate Barry Goldwater ran against the incumbent, President Lyndon B. Johnson. This election occurred at the height of the Cold War, a war between the
In the early 20th century, there was an influx of immigration to the United States. The Quota Act of 1921 and the Act of 1924 prohibited the amount of immigrants allowed into the country, the latter m
Arthur Chapman was an American journalist who wrote the poem “Out Where The West Begins” in response to some Western governors who were having a dispute over which American states should be considered
In 1869, Sarah Hopkins Bradford published an authorized biography called Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist who helped slaves escape through the Underground Railr
Martin Niemöller (1892-1984) was a German anti-Nazi and Lutheran pastor who is most famous for his words below. Niemöller was originally a supporter of Hitler, but he eventually opposed the Nazis. Fro
In this letter, Cordelia writes to her friend about her plans to become a pioneer, a common ambition during the “Manifest Destiny” era of western settlement in the 19th century.
Barbara Radner is an associate professor at DePaul University School for New Learning. Many people believe that Betsy Ross was the creator of the first American flag, used during the American Revoluti
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Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) was the Supreme Allied Commander of the Invasion of Normandy and Assault on German forces in Europe during World War II; he would later be President of the United Stat
The United States is a nation made up of people with many different backgrounds. Since Mexico is a neighboring country, many of these people are Mexican or Mexican-American. This informational text de
This text asks students to imagine what it would be like to live as a worker, specifically as a child worker, in the U.S. Industrial Revolution—a time of great technological progress though often at t
The American colonies rose up in 1776 against Britain with the goal of becoming an independent state. They sent the King of England their Declaration of Independence, a little more than a year after t
The Articles of Confederation served as the first constitution for the original thirteen states of the United States. The Articles of Confederation were approved by the thirteen states at the end of 1
Congress, the legislative, or law-making, branch of the U.S. government, makes federal laws in the United States. This informational text describes the process of how a law is made, the many people in
Loving v. Virginia was a landmark civil rights case in 1967, in which the Supreme Court determined that laws that prohibited interracial marriage were invalid. This informational text further discusse
Jackie Robinson (1919-1972) was a professional baseball player and the first African American to play in the Major Leagues. This informational text discusses Robinson’s life and accomplishments, and t
Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) was a Russian playwright and short story writer. In this short story, a man struggles to find anyone willing to help him answer his question in a government office.
In the late 18th century, Toussaint L’Ouverture (1743-1803) led a slave uprising, also known as the Haitian Revolution, that liberated the former French colony and created the Republic of Haiti.
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