In this article written by Robin Marantz Henig, a science writer, it explains different gender identities and also provides science to help those who aren't fully able to understand. In the article it states "When DHT is present, the embryonic structure called a tubercle grows into a penis; when it’s absent, the tubercle becomes a clitoris. Embryos with this condition, Imperato-McGinley revealed, lack the enzyme that converts testosterone to DHT, so they are born with genitals that appear female," therefore some people may feel their biological sex don't exactly match up with who they are. It's also interesting how some people are perfectly fine with their biological sex even though they are lacking the enzyme which would make them biologically male. If anything the science could maybe help understand the complexity of gender identity and how science isn't the only factor to determine who you are. *** “How Science Is Helping Us Understand Gender.” National Geographic, 19 Dec. 2016, www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/01/how-science-helps-us-understand-gender-identity/.
The non-binary gender is where one neither identifies as male or female. Personal experiences as well as explanations from Dr. Meredith R. Chapman are presented in the article to explain what makes someone non-binary. It is important to add that non-binary people have many different characteristics with different percentages of femininity and masculinity; meaning that some parts of may seem more masculine than feminine and vice versa. Non-binary people deal with difficulties due to society being used to the binary gender system. For an example, non-binary gender are often confused as transgender and not being address the correct pronoun.*** Papisova, Vera. “Here's What It Means When You Don't Identify as a Girl or a Boy.” Teen Vogue, TeenVogue.com, 1 Mar. 2016, www.teenvogue.com/story/what-is-non-binary-gender.
In this article, the author claims that gender identity is a threat to Catholicism. In the article it says"to ensure the elimination of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity"....but by all prior Principles the intended independence is not from the state, but from family anal religious values."(Knight) meaning that the principles that are helping to end discrimination against gender identity and sexuality is seen as a way to challenge religious values rather than simply protecting human rights. I'd have to argue with the quote. The author has no evidence of how the Yogyakarta Principles is after traditional religious values and also why is that religious values seem to be of more importance than human rights; if anything isn't religion all about accepting one another?*** go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=BasicSearchForm¤tPosition=15&docId=GALE%7CA247035608&docType=Article&sort=Relevance&contentSegment=&prodId=ITOF&contentSet=GALE%7CA247035608&searchId=R2&userGroupName=j084910011&inPS=true. Photo: Catholic Online. “Catholic Online.” Catholic Online, www.catholic.org/.
There are many countries and customs/cultures that are more open to the idea of more than 2 genders. There's also historical proof of people back in the day pushing the binary gender system boundary. In the Dominican Republic, "The Guevedoche were raised as girls, but began developing male traits at puberty. Most chose to live as a third gender,"(qtd. in genderspectrum.org)*** “The World of Gender.” Gender Spectrum, www.genderspectrum.org/blog/the-world-of-gender/. Photo: Veronica, and University of Oslo. “Sexism, Transphobia and Arguments from Biology.” Skepchick, 2 Oct. 2014, skepchick.org/2014/09/sexism-transphobia-and-arguments-from-biology/.
The binary system consist of male and female. Male usually described as masculine and Female as feminine. Now those who identify as non-binary feel both masculine and feminine within their own selves. We know that biological sex is determined by the given reproductive parts whereas gender is based off of who you are. So if masculinity and femininity is more associated with who you are rather than your biological sex then what exactly is gender. The article raises the question on whether or not gender is a social construct.*** "Binary blunders." Down To Earth, 28 Feb. 2018. General OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A529126711/ITOF?u=j084910011&sid=ITOF&xid=9ec54cca. Accessed 1 May 2018. Photo: “The Modern Complexities of Gender Identity | UVM CDE.” UVM Continuing and Distance Education, 3 June 2015, learn.uvm.edu/blog-education/complexities-of-gender-identity.